Presentation on theme: "Unit 8: Motivation, Emotion and Stress"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 8: Motivation, Emotion and Stress WHS AP PsychologyUnit 8: Motivation, Emotion and StressEssential Task 8-3: Essential Task: Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to understand behavior with specific attention to instincts for animals, biological factors like needs, drives, and homeostasis, and operant conditioning factors like incentives, and intrinsic versus extrinsic motivators.Logo Green is R=8 G=138 B= Blue is R= 0 G=110 B=184Border Grey is R=74 G=69 B=64
2 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Drive Reduction Theory Motivation & EmotionStressSourcesMeasuresTheoriesEffectsCopingMotivationMaslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsDrive Reduction TheoryArousal TheoryIntrinsic/Extrinsic MotivationHuman DrivesTheories of EmotionJames-LangeCognitive AppraisalSchachter two-factorCannon-BardOpponent ProcessWe are hereExplain complex motives (eating, aggression, achievement and sex)
3 Essential Task 8-3: Basic motivational concepts to understand behavior OutlineBasic motivational concepts to understand behaviorInstincts for animalsBiological factors like Drives (Primary vs. Secondary)HomeostasisOperant conditioning factorsIncentivesintrinsic motivatorsExtrinsic motivators
4 Motives vs. Emotions Motive Emotion Specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achievement, that prompts goal-directed behaviora need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards a goal.EmotionFeeling, such as fear, joy, or surprise, that underlies behavior
5 Instincts for animals NOT humans. Instincts are complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout the species and are not learned (Tinbergen, 1951).Outline
6 Humans don’t have instincts Fell out of favor in psychologyA Meta-analysis during the height of this craze found 5759 ‘instincts’Most important human behavior is learnedHuman behavior is rarely inflexible and found throughout the speciesHumans have reflexes but not instincts.
7 Biological Drives (Primary Drives) Unlearned drive based on a physiological state found in all animalsMotivate behavior necessary for survivalHypothalamusHungerThirstSexEvolutionary biology talks about the four Fs (fighting, fleeing, feeding and reproducing).
8 Homeostasis – explains why we stop fulfilling biological drives. The ability or tendency of an organism to maintain internal equilibrium or balance.A state of psychological equilibrium obtained when tension or a drive has been reduced or eliminated.
9 Secondary Drives – not biologically dictated Learned drivesWealthSuccessFame
10 Operant Conditioning Factors Incentives – environmental cues that trigger a motive.When a stimulus creates goal-directed behavior
11 Intrinsic MotivatorsRefers to motivation that comes from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards, such as money or grades.It is stronger than external motivation
12 Extrinsic MotivatorsRefers to motivation that comes from external or outside rewards, such as money or grades.