Presentation on theme: "Avoiding Plagiarism: Modified MLA style of referencing… Adapted from Mrs. McGowan, Teacher-Librarian (2011) Adapted from Mr. Moriarty, Salisbury (2011)"— Presentation transcript:
Avoiding Plagiarism: Modified MLA style of referencing… Adapted from Mrs. McGowan, Teacher-Librarian (2011) Adapted from Mr. Moriarty, Salisbury (2011) Adapted from Ms. E. Hansen, QE (2006) Adapted from Ms. M. Mirka, Centennial (2004)
Do you know… What is Plagiarism? What is an in-text Citation? What is a reference list? What does paraphrasing mean?
Getting Started… What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism means using another’s work without giving them credit and saying that it is your own From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation
Examples of Plagiarism… Copying and pasting text from online encyclopedias Copying and pasting text from any web site Using photographs, video or audio without permission or acknowledgement Using another student’s or your parents’ work and claiming it as your own even with permission Using your own work without properly citing it! From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation
More Examples of Plagiarism… Quoting a source without using quotation marks-even if you do cite it Citing sources you didn’t use Getting a research paper, story, poem, or article off the Internet Turning in the same paper for more than one class without the permission of both teachers (this is called self-plagiarism) Can you think of more? From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation
How to Avoid Plagiarism… Use your own words and ideas Always give credit to the source where you have received your information If you use someone’s exact words - put them in quotes and give credit using in- text citations. Include the source in your references From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation
How to Avoid Plagiarism… If you have paraphrased someone’s work, (summarizing a passage or rearranging the order of a sentence and changing some of the words)-always give credit Take very good notes--write down the source as you are taking notes. Do not wait until later to try and retrieve the original source Avoid using someone else’s work with minor “cosmetic” changes From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation
Getting Started… What is a reference list? –A reference list at the end of a paper provides the full information necessary to identify and retrieve each source. It cites works that specifically support a particular article. –References should be alphabetically listed by author’s last name at the end of the paper or presentation. A bibliography? –A bibliography cites works for background or for further reading.
Getting Started… What is a Citation? –References and citations in text are the formal methods of acknowledging the use of a creator’s work. An In-Text Citation? –Direct citations and quotations are acknowledged in the body of a research assignment. (Right in the sentence or paragraph)
How does plagiarism affect you?? WHAT happens if you plagiarize? In junior/senior high school? In post-secondary? In society?
Special Consideration: The INTERNET Special recognition needs to be given to the Internet as a source of information. Due to the transient nature of information on the Internet, you may choose to keep a copy (either paper or electronic) of the website used. WHY??? Internet sites must be evaluated very carefully for reliability, as all sources are not authoritative or trustworthy. Who wrote it? What’s the source? Contact info? Is the info accurate? Appropriate? Reliable? When was the information last updated? Does it agree with other credible sources? Do the links work? Is it well laid out? Easy to navigate?
MLA Style: Two Parts Works Cited Page Parenthetical Citations
Works Cited Page A complete list of every source that you make reference to in your essay. Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any of your sources. Works Cited Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin, 1985. Miller, J. Hillis. Charles Dickens: The World and His Novels. Bloomington: U of Indiana P, 1958.
Works Cited: Some Examples Book Byatt, A.S. Babel Tower. New York: Random House, 1996. Article in a Magazine Klein, Joe. “Dizzy Days.” The New Yorker. Oct. 1998: 40-45. Web Page Poland, Dave. “The Hot Button.” Roughcut. 26 Oct. 1998. www.roughcut.com.www.roughcut.com
Works Cited: Some Examples A Newspaper Article Tommasini, Anthony. “Master Teachers Whose Artistry Glows in Private.” New York Times. 27 Oct. 1998: B2. A Source With No Known Author “Cigarette Sales Fall 30% as California Tax Rises.” New York Times. 14 Sept. 1999: A17.
When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations? When quoting any words that are not your own. When summarizing facts and ideas from a source. Condensing ideas. When paraphrasing a source. Using your own words to rephrase a source. Remember to give only the information needed to identify the source on your works cited page.
Handling Quotes in Your Text Source author’s name and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text. Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).
Handling Parenthetical Citations If the source has no known author, then use an abbreviated version of the title: Full Title: “California Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers.” Citation: (“California” A14). If the source is only one page in length or is a web page with no apparent pagination: Source: Dave Poland’s “Hot Button” column Citation: (Poland).
Handling Long Quotations David becomes identified and defined by James Steerforth, a young man with whom David is acquainted from his days at Salem House. Before meeting Steerforth, David accepts steerforth’s name as an authoritative power: There was an old door on this playground, on which the boys had a custom of carving their names...In my dread of the end of the vacation and of their coming back, I could not read a boy’s name without inquiring in what tone and with what emphasis he would read, “Take care of him. He bites.” There was one boy – a certain J. Steerforth – who cut his name very deep and very often, who I conceived, would read it in a rather strong voice, and afterwards pull my hair. (Dickens 68)
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Why use the MLA format regarding references? MLA is often used in grade schools and high schools, as well as higher education. It is not the only format. What other formats are there? APA, Turabian, Chicago – Use what the instructor asks! Purdue Owl MLA site University of Calgary Son of Citation Machine
References American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. APA Style.Org (2005). Electronic references: Citations in text of electronic material. Retrieved from http://www.apastyle.org/electext.html Calgary Board of Education. (2000). References and citations in text: Formats for student research. Retrieved from http://www.cbe.ab.ca/sss/ssspdf/ref-citations-05-00.pdf
Bibliography (suggested for further information or investigation) American Psychological Association. (2010). American Psychological Association Psych Net. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/journals/webref.html Bibliographic formats for citing electronic information. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.uvim/edu/~ncrane/estyles