Presentation on theme: "Thought of the Day All people have beliefs. What do you believe helps people achieve happiness? Why? Some people value education. Do you? Why? What do."— Presentation transcript:
Thought of the Day All people have beliefs. What do you believe helps people achieve happiness? Why? Some people value education. Do you? Why? What do you believe is the most important subject? Why? Write 5 complete sentences.
Greek Religion -Religion affected every aspect of Greek life -Temples dedicated to gods & goddesses -Ritual ceremonies often involved prayer and gifts to gods or goddesses -Festivals developed to honor gods & goddesses -Olympia to honor Zeus -Delphi to honor Apollo -1 st games held at the Olympic festival in 776BC
Greek Religion -People had desire to know the will of the gods -Made use of oracle (sacred shrine where a god reveals future through priest(ess). -Oracle at Delphi -Ex. Priestess listens to questions from people (responses often puzzling or interpreted in more than 1 way) -Romans adopt Greek gods -Greek gods and goddesses appear in literature
Gods & Goddesses 1)Zeus 2)Athena 3)Apollo 4)Artemis 5)Ares 6)Aphrodite 7)Poseidon 8)Hades God or Goddess of… 1)Chief god & father of gods 2)Wisdom & crafts 3)Sun & poetry 4)Moon & hunt (sister of Apollo) 5)War 6)Love 7)Sea & earthquakes (brother of Zeus) 8)underworld
Classical Greek Arts & Literature -About expressing eternal ideals (the human being, reason, beauty, harmony) -temples & sculptures dedicated to gods -Most famous in Athens (ex. Parthenon for Athena) -Outdoor theaters in religious festivals -Dramas (called tragedies) written in trilogies (3’s) -Oedipus Rex: Oracle of Apollo tells him he will kill his father & marry his mother. Oedipus does everything he can to stop it, but it happens.
Greek Philosophy -Organized system of thought (Greek meaning “love of wisdom”) -Rational thought; trying to explain universe -Ex. Pythagoras said understanding universe found in music & numbers -Sophists were traveling teachers; claimed it was beyond the human mind to understand the universe -Highly valued rhetoric (art of persuasive speaking) -Valued the art of arguing both sides of an issue
Greek Philosophy - Socrates was a critic of the Sophists; left no writings only ones by Plato his pupil -Goal of education to improve the individual -Socratic method- teaching by presenting question then lead them to find answer -Convicted of corruption -Plato distrusted democracy -Live in rational & just manner -Aristotle was Plato’s pupil at the Academy -Believed people’s happiness is tied to their behavior