WHAT ARE SOME SYMPTOMS OF STDS Abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina Painful urination Growths, sores or itching in the genital area Lower abdominal pain Skin rashes or sores Enlarged lymph nodes
WHAT ARE SOME LONG TERM EFFECTS? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Infertility Chronic pelvic pain Damage to major body organs Death
SEEK TREATMENT IMMEDIATELY BACTERIA Usually cured with antibiotics Even if treated any damage caused already is permanent VIRUS Incurable – you have them for life! Can be treated
TESTING Where can you be tested? Doctor’s office Health Department ( free) Planned parenthood Health centers on college campuses How? A urine sample or a blood test depending on the STD
WHY GET TESTED? Know your STD status The sooner you get treated the better. Protect your partner – both need to get checked and treated.
TESTING AGE REQUIREMENT 13 years old or above Without parental consent Less than 13 parental consent required In PA
WAYS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF GETTING AN STD 1.Expanded definition of Abstinence 2.Use a condom correctly from start to finish (85% chance of protection) 3.Be monogamous 4.Eliminate the drug and alcohol factor 5.Get to know your partner and communicate with them BEFORE getting involved sexually
ADDITIONAL FACTS You can have an STD with no signs or symptoms. You can have more than one STD at a time. A mother infected with an STD can pass it on to her baby. A misdiagnosis can occur because symptoms are so similar for some of the STDs.