Learning and Development 3 Prime Areas AreasAspects Communication and Language (CL) Listening and attention Understanding Speaking Physical Development (PD) Moving and Handling Health and Self Care Personal Social Emotional Development (PSED) Making Relationships Self Confidence and Self Belief Managing Feelings and Behaviour
Learning and Development 4 Specific Areas AreasAspects Literacy (L)Reading Writing Mathematical Development (MD) Numbers Shape Space and Measures Understanding the World (UW) People and Communities The World Technology Expressive Arts and Design (EAD) Exploring Media and Materials Being Imaginative
Learning and Development Ages and Stages of Development 0-11 months 8-20 months 16-24 months 22-36 months 30-50 months 40-60 months Early Learning Goals 17 Early Learning Goals
Getting ready for Year 1 Some Early Learning Goals (ELGs) are particularly important because they support a child’s readiness for the Year 1 curriculum. These are the ELGs within the Areas: Communication & Language Physical Development Personal and Social Development Literacy Mathematical Development
Literacy - Reading To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Read and understand simple sentences Use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them Read some common words Demonstrate understanding of what they have read
Support with Reading Be a role model Read environmental print Read & reread favourite books Support independent reading and phonics (see guidance on website) Ask questions about what has been read – where, who, what, why, how? Rhyme and alliteration Volunteer to help children practice reading
Literacy - Writing To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Use their phonic knowledge to write Write some common words Write simple sentences which can be read back Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
Support with Writing Encourage children to write for a purpose Encourage children to use sounds they know when writing Be a role model for writing Encourage all attempts at mark making Tells stories together - develop imaginative thinking Practice spelling common words Practice handwriting using school script Volunteer to support us with daily writing activities
Maths - Numbers To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Count reliably 1 to 20, Order 1-20 Say 1 more and 1 less Add and subtract 2 single-digit numbers (i.e. 8+9) Count on or back to find the answer Solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing (See Maths Vocabulary List)
Support with Numbers Laying the table, shopping, cooking, serving food How many? How many more? 1 more, 1 less We have 6 already – we need 5 more, how can we work that out? We had 15 and we used 7 how many are left? We need double the amount How many is half each? How can we share between three? Track games – i.e. Snakes and Ladders - counting on, counting back Tallying scores – i.e. number of goals (addition), skittles (subtraction) See activity ideas on website.
Maths – Shape, Space and Measures To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will use everyday language to talk about: size weight capacity position distance time Money
Maths – Shape, Space and Measures To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Recognise, create and describe patterns Use mathematical language to describe shape of object (See Maths Vocabulary List)
Support with Shape, Space and Measures Shopping – money, weight, shape, space, height, length, distance Cooking – weight, shape, space, time Journeys to school – position, direction, shape, time, length, distance, height Daily routine – time, pattern, Washing – pattern, time, shape, space (See Maths vocabulary list and activity ideas on website)
Communication & Language - Speaking To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Express himself/herself effectively aware of listeners’ needs. Use past, present and future forms Develop narratives / explanations by connecting ideas or events
Support with Speaking Comment on what you or child is doing Offer new vocabulary Model correct language structures Ask open questions – Can you tell me about…? How did you know that? I wonder why…
Physical Development – Moving and Handling To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.
Support with – Moving and Handling Letter and number formation Using scissors Fine motor skills – playdough, pegs, tweezers Large motor – climbing, ball games Please ask class teacher for the Nelson handwriting formation sheet
Physical Development – Health and Self Care To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: know the importance of exercise and a healthy diet talk about ways to keep healthy and safe manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.
Support with Health and Self Care Daily conversations about: Sleep routines Keeping clean - teeth brushing, bathing, hand washing Different types of food and why they are good for you and healthy ways to cook f Exercise – why we all need to exercise How to stay safe from harm – people, places, activities, objects
Understanding the World – People and Communities To attain an ‘Expected’ level the child will: Talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. Talk about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
Support with People and Communities Talk about what is special and unique about your own family Talk to your child about differences between your family and others in a positive way Share family photos with your child’s class Share special food with the class Come and read a dual language story in class
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