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Unit 1: Ancient World Civilizations

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1 Unit 1: Ancient World Civilizations
Global Review Unit 1: Ancient World Civilizations

2 Pre Test Please take 6-7 minutes to complete the Pre-test. We will correct them and discuss any questions you have. Answers: 1 4 3 2

3 Wheel Charts Take 10 minutes to fill in information about the Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Revolution on your Wheel Charts. Put one piece of information in each box, and a picture in the middle box Paleolithic Age

4 River Valleys During the Neolithic Revolution, people settled in River Valleys because they provided Fertile Soil for growing crops and fresh drinking water.

5 Nile River North East Africa Between Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
Ancient Egypt: Geographic Location: Polytheistic God- pharaoh Hieroglyphics Advanced science, math and architecture

6 Tigris and Euphrates Fertile Crescent- Mesopotamia
Lack of natural barriers= invasion Ziggurats to worship gods Sumerians– Cuneiform writing Babylonians– Hammurabi’s Code ** Present Day Middle East**

7 Indus Short lived and quick changing empires. Not much is known.
One city: Harappa was well planned, with grain silos, house with plumbing and centered around a temple In 1750 Aryans invaded and conquered the area

8 Huang He- Yellow River River Valley surrounded by Mountains- isolated early China First controlled by the Shang Dynasty – rose to power to control the Yellow River’s flooding Shang gave Chinese written language

9 Classical Civilizations
Developed the 8 characteristics of Civilizations and contributed to Art, Science, Architecture and law China Greece India Rome

10 China Mandate of Heaven: God decides who will rule
Created Dynastic Cycle: Ruling Families. Zhou- Feudalism and created Silk Qin- Centralized Government and built the Great Wall Han- Golden Age of Chinese led to advancements (wheelbarrow, fishing reel, paper, acupuncture)

11 Greece Mountains created barriers leading to isolated ‘city states’ or Polis Sparta: military based society, even women train. No trade allowed Athens: Direct Democracy by the men only Famous Greeks Socrates- questions Plato- Strong Government controls people’s lives Aristotle- one strong good and good ruler

Maurya Dynasty- united India under Bureaucracy (gov’t split into departments) Asoka united India under Buddhism but it faded with his death Gupta Empire- Peace and stability led to achievements in math and science CCXXIII CC XXIII

13 Rome Republic- Senate elected by upper class Plebeians= farmers
Pax Romana- lasted 200 years after Caesar's death- led to accomplishments: Twelve Tables Law Aqueducts Road system

14 According to the document, how did rulers lose power?
According to the document how did rulers show they had gained power?

15 All citizens in ancient athens had the right to attend the assembly, where they could meet in the open to discuss and cast votes. This situation is an example of a 1) direct democracy 2) Totalitarianism 3) parliamentary democracy 4) absolutism

16 A major contribution of the Roman Empire to western society was the development of 1) gunpowder 2) the principles of feudalism 3) monotheism 4) an effective legal system


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