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**3-10 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation The Real Numbers**

Course 3 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation

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**3-10 Warm Up The Real Numbers**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Warm Up Each square root is between two integers. Name the two integers. Use a calculator to find each value Round to the nearest tenth. 10 and 11 2. – 15 –4 and –3 1.4 4. – 123 –11.1

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Problem of the Day The circumference of a circle is approximately 3.14 times its diameter. A circular path 1 meter wide has an inner diameter of 100 meters. How much farther is it around the outer edge of the path than the inner edge? 6.28 m

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**Learn to determine if a number is rational or irrational.**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Learn to determine if a number is rational or irrational.

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**Vocabulary irrational number real number Density Property 3-10**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Vocabulary irrational number real number Density Property

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Biologists classify animals based on shared characteristics. The gray lesser mouse lemur is an animal, a mammal, a primate, and a lemur. You already know that some numbers can be classified as whole numbers,integers, or rational numbers. The number 2 is a whole number, an integer, and a rational number. It is also a real number. Animals Mammals Primates Lemurs

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions. Rational numbers can also be written as decimals that either terminate or repeat. 4 5 23 3 = 3.8 = 0.6 1.44 = 1.2

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Irrational numbers can only be written as decimals that do not terminate or repeat. If a whole number is not a perfect square, then its square root is an irrational number. 2 ≈ … A repeating decimal may not appear to repeat on a calculator, because calculators show a finite number of digits. Helpful Hint

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers The set of real numbers consists of the set of rational numbers and the set of irrational numbers. Irrational numbers Rational numbers Real Numbers Integers Whole numbers

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**Additional Examples 1: Classifying Real Numbers**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Additional Examples 1: Classifying Real Numbers Write all names that apply to each number. A. 5 5 is a whole number that is not a perfect square. irrational, real B. –12.75 –12.75 is a terminating decimal. rational, real 16 2 = = 2 4 2 16 2 C. whole, integer, rational, real

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**3-10 The Real Numbers Write all names that apply to each number.**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Try This: Example 1 Write all names that apply to each number. A. 9 9 = 3 whole, integer, rational, real B. –35.9 –35.9 is a terminating decimal. rational, real 81 3 = = 3 9 3 81 3 C. whole, integer, rational, real

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**Additional Examples 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Additional Examples 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. A. 15 15 is a whole number that is not a perfect square. irrational 0 3 0 3 = 0 B. rational

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**Additional Examples 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Additional Examples 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. C. –9 not a real number 4 9 2 3 = 4 9 D. rational

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Try This: Examples 2 State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. A. 23 23 is a whole number that is not a perfect square. irrational 9 0 B. not a number, so not a real number

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Try This: Examples 2 State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. C. –7 not a real number 64 81 8 9 = 64 81 D. rational

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers The Density Property of real numbers states that between any two real numbers is another real number. This property is also true for rational numbers, but not for whole numbers or integers. For instance, there is no integer between –2 and –3.

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**Additional Examples 3: Applying the Density Property of Real Numbers**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Additional Examples 3: Applying the Density Property of Real Numbers Find a real number between and 3 5 2 5 There are many solutions. One solution is halfway between the two numbers. To find it, add the numbers and divide by 2. 2 5 ÷ 2 3 5 5 5 = ÷ 2 1 2 = 7 ÷ 2 = 3 3 1 5 2 5 4 3 5 4 5 3 1 2 A real number between and is 3 . 3 5 2 5 1 2

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**3-10 The Real Numbers Try This: Example 3**

Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Try This: Example 3 Find a real number between and 4 7 3 7 There are many solutions. One solution is halfway between the two numbers. To find it, add the numbers and divide by 2. 3 7 ÷ 2 4 7 7 7 = ÷ 2 1 2 = 9 ÷ 2 = 4 4 2 7 3 7 4 7 5 7 1 7 6 7 4 1 2 A real number between and is 4 7 3 7 1 2

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Course 3 3-10 The Real Numbers Lesson Quiz Write all names that apply to each number. 16 2 1. 2 2. – real, irrational real, integer, rational State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. 3. 25 0 4. 4 • 9 not a real number rational 5. Find a real number between –2 and –2 . 3 8 3 4 Possible answer –2 . 5 8

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