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Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation Lesson Quizzes

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Warm Up Each square root is between two integers. Name the two integers. Use a calculator to find each value Round to the nearest tenth. 10 and 11 2. – 15 –4 and –3 1.4 4. – 123 –11.1

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Problem of the Day The circumference of a circle is approximately 3.14 times its diameter. A circular path 1 meter wide has an inner diameter of 100 meters. How much farther is it around the outer edge of the path than the inner edge? 6.28 m

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**Learn to determine if a number is rational or irrational.**

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Vocabulary irrational number real number Density Property

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**Biologists classify animals based on shared characteristics**

Biologists classify animals based on shared characteristics. The cardinal is an animal, a vertebrate, a bird, and a passerine. Animals You already know that some numbers can be classified as whole numbers, integers, or rational numbers. Vertebrates Birds Passerines

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**Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions**

Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions. Rational numbers can also be written as decimals that either terminate or repeat. 4 5 23 3 = 3.8 = 0.6 1.44 = 1.2

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Irrational numbers can only be written as decimals that do not terminate or repeat. If a whole number is not a perfect square, then its square root is an irrational number. 2 ≈ … A repeating decimal may not appear to repeat on a calculator, because calculators show a finite number of digits. Caution!

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**The set of real numbers consists of the set of rational numbers and the set of irrational numbers.**

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**Additional Example 1: Classifying Real Numbers**

Write all names that apply to each number. A. 5 5 is a whole number that is not a perfect square. irrational, real B. –12.75 –12.75 is a terminating decimal. rational, real 16 2 = = 2 4 2 16 2 C. whole, integer, rational, real

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**Write all names that apply to each number.**

Check It Out: Example 1 Write all names that apply to each number. A. 9 9 = 3 whole, integer, rational, real B. –35.9 –35.9 is a terminating decimal. rational, real 81 3 = = 3 9 3 81 3 C. whole, integer, rational, real

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**Additional Example 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers**

State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. A. 21 irrational 0 3 0 3 = 0 B. rational

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**Additional Example 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers**

State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. C. –4 not a real number 4 9 2 3 = 4 9 D. rational

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**State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.**

Check It Out: Example 2 State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. A. 23 23 is a whole number that is not a perfect square. irrational 9 0 B. undefined, so not a real number

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**State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.**

Check It Out: Example 2 State if each number is rational, irrational, or not a real number. C. –7 not a real number 8 9 = D. rational

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The Density Property of real numbers states that between any two real numbers is another real number. This property is also true for rational numbers, but not for whole numbers or integers. For instance, there is no integer between –2 and –3.

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**Additional Example 3: Applying the Density Property of Real Numbers**

Find a real number between and 3 5 2 5 There are many solutions. One solution is halfway between the two numbers. To find it, add the numbers and divide by 2. 2 5 ÷ 2 3 5 5 5 = ÷ 2 1 2 = 7 ÷ 2 = 3 3 1 5 2 5 4 3 5 4 5 3 1 2 A real number between and is 3 . 3 5 2 5 1 2

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**Find a real number between 4 and 4 . 4 7 3 7**

Check It Out: Example 3 Find a real number between and 4 7 3 7 There are many solutions. One solution is halfway between the two numbers. To find it, add the numbers and divide by 2. 3 7 ÷ 2 4 7 7 7 = ÷ 2 1 2 = 9 ÷ 2 = 4 4 2 7 3 7 4 7 5 7 1 7 6 7 4 1 2 A real number between and is 4 7 3 7 1 2

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