2 Summarize the life of Jesus. 6.3 OBJECTIVESSummarize the life of Jesus.Trace the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.Analyze Christianity’s appeal.
3 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Romans take control of Judea in 63 B.C.Judea becomes part of the Roman Empire in 6 A.D.A Savior will come to restore theland of the Jews.
4 Jesus of Nazareth Born 6 to 4 B.C. Born in Bethlehem Raised in NazarethBaptized by John the BaptistOccupation: CarpenterBegan preaching at the age of 30Stressed love, (God, neighbors, enemies)Eternal kingdom for those who repent
5 A GROWING MOVEMENT Main source about his life came from Gospels First 4 books of the New TestamentSome are written by Jesus’ disciples12 men later called apostlesBecame popularIgnored wealth and statues; appealed to the poor
7 Jesus’ Death Rulers where concerned, both Jewish and Roman leaders In Jerusalem, people greeted him as a savior and messiah, or king.Jewish priests disagreedPontius Pilot, Roman leader, accused Jesus of breaking Roman lawSentenced to crucifixionNailed to a wooden cross
10 Jesus’ Death cont… Jesus died on the cross Placed in a tomb Body was gone three days laterGospels say, he ascended to heavenBecause he was believed to be the messiah or “savior”, he was called Jesus Christ
11 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire Disciples carried on his teachingsDid not contradict Jewish lawFirst followers were JewsNew religion beganChristianity spread throughout the empire
12 What did Jesus Teach? Forgiveness Repentance Turn the other cheek Do you know anymore of the teachings of Jesus?Name them…..
13 Paul’s Mission Paul Never met Jesus Enemy of Christianity Had a vision of JesusSpent the rest of his life spreading Jesus’ message
14 Paul’s Mission Cont. Christianity spread Paul wrote letters, Epistles Pax Romana made the spread ideas easyCommon language- LatinPaul wrote letters, EpistlesStressed that Jesus was the son of God who died for people’s sinsChristianity welcomes converts Jew of Gentile
15 Jewish Rebellion Jewish rebellion in 66 A.D. against Rome Temple destroyed by Romans in 70 A.D.Only western portion remainsJewish fortress, Masada, held until A.D. 73, half million deadTried again in A.D. 132, half million diedDiaspora- dispersal of Jews
16 Persecution of Christians Christians would not worship Roman godsCrucified, exiled, imprisoned, executedSent to the gladiator gamesLooked at as martyrsWilling to sacrifice their lives for their beliefUsed as scapegoats of economic and political trouble
17 A World ReligionChristianity was growing rapidly throughout the Roman Empire and beyondWhy?1. Embrace all people2. Gives hope to the powerless3. Appealed to those who were repelled by theextravagances of imperial Rome4. Offered personal relationship with a lovingGod5. Promised eternal life after death
18 Constantine Accepts Christianity Constantine- Emperor of Rome A.D. 312Fighting 3 rivals of the RomeBattle was at the Tiber RiverPrayed for divine helpSaw the image of a crossPut the cross on the shields of his soldiersTHEY WON
19 Constantine Accepts Christianity cont. Constantine made Christianity an accepted religion of the empireEmperor Theodosius made it the official religion of the empire.
20 Early Christian Church Priest led small groups of ChristiansBishop supervises local churchesPeterBecame first bishop of RomeApostle“rock” on which the Christian Church will be builtFirst “pope” (head) of the church
21 A Single VoiceMany disputed the beliefs that developed amongst believersBecame intenseChurch officials tried to set the standards of beliefCombine the Old Testament (Jewish Torah) + New Testament (Story of Jesus)= The Holy BibleMet and created the Nicene Creed- define the basic beliefs of all Christians“I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of Heaven and Earth……
22 The Fathers of the Church Early writers who also defined the teachingsAugustineBishop from N. AfricaHumans need the grace of GodCan not get God’s grace without being a member of the ChurchWrote “City of God”