Presentation on theme: "EU cooperation with the Eastern Neighbourhood Anita Ryczan"— Presentation transcript:
1 EU cooperation with the Eastern Neighbourhood Anita Ryczan
2 European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) What is the ENP?Policy launched in 2004Beneficiaries: 16 countries (6 in the East, without Russia)Main objectives: prosperity, stability, security and good neighbourhoodFinanced mainly via: European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)ENP review ongoing (consultations till 30.06)
4 Eastern dimension of the European Eastern PartnershipEastern dimension of the EuropeanNeighbourhood PolicyWhat? Joint policy initiative to bring Eastern neighbours closer to the EUSince when? Launched at the Prague Summit May 2009Who? 6 countries concerned: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine
5 Eastern Partnership – basis and goals Based on common interests, shared values:Rule of law & good governanceRespect for human rights and fundamental freedomsMarket economy and sustainable developmentMain goal – its about supporting long-term reforms for:Closer relations - political associationBusiness and trade - economic development and integrationPeople: mobility, contacts, civil society
6 Eastern Partnership : a 2-track approach Eastern Partnership follows two tracks:
7 Eastern Partnership – how is it financed? Overview of instruments:Main: European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)Others :Thematic programmes under the Development and Cooperation Instrument.European Instrument for Democracy & Human Rights.Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace.Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation.
8 European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) Key financial instrument for Eastern Neighbourhood inWhere: 16 ENP countries (no more bilateral cooperation with Russia)Budget: EUR 15.4 billion for (total figure)For whom: mainly partner governments and civil society organisations.Final beneficiaries => citizens of Eastern Partnership countries !
9 ENI assistance: how it works? ENI assistance is provided for 3 types of cooperation:Bilateral cooperationLargest part of ENI fundsDifferentiation - tailor-made for each country according to needs, situation, ambition, progressFocused on 3 priority sectors + complementary support for institutions and civil societyRegional cooperationInitiatives demanding regional approach, e.g. transport, energy, environmentCross border cooperation
10 ENI assistance: how designed? Strategy and priorities(Multi-annual programming )Decision(Annual Action Programmes -adopted every year)Implementation(implemented on the ground during around 2 to 5 years)
11 ENI assistance: how implemented? Annual programmes can be implemented through the following aid modalities:Budget support: sector reform programmes with the governments. Preferred form of bilateral assistance (when conditions allow! Reforms done > money paid to national treasury)Programmes and projects: specific projects at local /regional level, projects with civil society and local actors (grants and service contracts)Technical assistance: example - providing EU or local experts, public expertise – Twinning, TAIEX.Others: ex. blending - bringing together EU grant with loans from European financial institutions (EBRD, EIB…) for large infrastructure projects. In the neighbourhood: transport, energy, water & sanitation, support to private sector, social sectors.
12 Bilateral cooperation in EaP – priority sectors: GeorgiaPublic admin reformJusticeAgriculture and rural developmentMoldovaPublic admin reformPolice and border managementAgriculture and rural developmentUkraineCrisis No multi-annual programming document yetArmeniaPrivate sectorPublic admin reformJusticeAzerbaijanRegional and rural developmentEducationJusticeBelarusLocal and regional developmentSocial inclusionEnvironment
13 Complementary support 2014 - 2017: civil society 5% of country allocations support to civil society for:Monitoring reformsFostering public accountabilityEngaging in non-focal sectorsBuilding their capacityImproving service delivery Social partners and business associations are included in the target of these actions
14 Regional cooperation in the EaP region Complements bilateral cooperationTackle challenges common to all (eg. energy, transport, environment).Support Eastern Partnership objectives through regional programmes, flagships, multilateral platforms.Initiatives open to all neighboursEastern PartnershipPlatforms and PanelsFlagship InitiativesRegional ProjectsPlatforms:Democracy and rule of LawEconomic integration and convergence with EU sector policiesEnergy securityContacts between peopleFlagships:Integrated Border ManagementSME FacilityRegional electricity markets, energy efficiency and renewable energy sourcesPrevention, preparedness and response to natural and man-made disastersPromotion of good environmental governance
15 Cross Border cooperation programmes Cooperation projects between EU Member States and partner countries along the EU's external land and/or sea bordersShared management: EUMS and EaP countries manage, COMM only monitor17 CBC programmes inFunded 50/50 by both ERDF (DG REGIO) and ENI allocations (DG NEAR)
16 Thank you for your attention! For more information :DG NEAR website (Eastern Partnership and country pages): ec.europa.eu/enlargement/neighbourhood/eastern-partnership/index_en.htmFacebook: EU Neighbourhood & EnlargementEU Neighbourhood Info Centre:EU funding page:Handbook about EU funding: