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Stress The body’s and mind’s reaction to everyday demands or threats. Real or imagined
Stress can be minor and go unnoticedCan be useful or harmful, energizing or exhausting Key-learn to handle it in healthful ways
Distress Negative stress Too much pressure or trauma and you don’t know how to deal with it
Can help you achieve your goalsEustress Positive stress Can help you achieve your goals
Kinds of stressors
Stressor Any stimulus that produces a stress response People, objects, places, events, or situations
5 general categories of stressors
Biological stressors Biochemical imbalances Mental or physical illness Disabilities or injuries
Environmental stressorsPoverty Pollution Crowding Noise Natural disasters
Cognitive or thinking stressorsPerceive a situation What you expect
Personal behavior stressorsTobacco Alcohol Other drugs Not exercising
Life situations Relative or pet die Parents separate or divorce Trouble with relationships
The body’s stress response
Perceive a situation or event to be a threat, your body begins a stress response
Nervous and endocrine systems are active during reaction to stressorsInvoluntary Occur whether physical or emotional, positive or negative
Alarm stage 1st stage in the stress response, when the body and mind go on high alert
Adrenaline “emergency hormone”Secreted by the adrenal glands to prepare the body to respond to a stressor Sweat and tears – only way to get rid of
Fight or flight Heart speeds up Breath faster Throat muscles contractSweat Arms and legs tighten Mind on high alert
Resistance 2nd stage in the stress response, body tries to repair the damage and return to normal
Fatigue 3rd stage, resulting in a tired feeling that lowers one’s level activity
Three kinds of fatigue
Physical fatigue End of long day After exercise
Pathological fatigue Overworking Sick, overweight, poor nutritionAlcohol or caffeine
Psychological fatigueConstant worry Overwork Depression Boredom isolation
Prolonged or repeated stress can lead to stress-related illnesses.
Stress and the brain
Thrive on challenge or frighten youNew experiences unafraid or change scare you Neurotransmitters – brain chemicals
Stress tolerance Amount of stress which you can handle before you reach a state of too much stress.
Stress and your personality type
Type A personality Competitive High-achieving Develop heart disease or other health problems
Type B personality “laid back” Non-competitive Less likely to suffer heart disease
Hardy personality able to stay healthy despite major or traumatic stressors Resilience Change Commitment control
Psychosomatic responsePhysical disorder that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness
Signs of stress
Physical signs Headaches Trembling Upset stomach Sweating constipationDiarrhea Trouble sleeping Grinding teeth Dry mouth Back pain
Emotional signs Frustration Nervousness Feeling powerless ImpatienceMood swings Edginess Quick to anger Confusion Crying Low self-esteem
Mental signs Trouble reading Not thinking clearly Constant worryObsessive thoughts Inability to make decisions Forgetting No sense of humor No perspective
Behavioral signs Not eating Overeating Compulsive talking FidgetingTapping feet Withdrawing Hurrying Drumming fingers Smoking Reckless behaviors
Managing stress Identify the problem Stress management PlanningRechanneling energy Relaxing and laughing Seeking support Time management
Relaxation response State of deep rest that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practiced regularly
Support group Informal or formal gathering of who people who meet and share experiences, feelings, and trust, can also be helpful
Time management skillsSpecific strategies for planning and using time in effective, healthful ways
Priorities Goals, tasks, or activities that you judge as more important to do than others
Coping with loss
Grief reaction Individual’s total response to a major loss
Stages of loss
Stage 1: Denial Initial reaction Cannot believe the loss has occurred
Stage 2: Anger “why me” stage Critical, demanding,or uncooperative
Stage 3: Bargaining Pray or promise to change if only the lost person or object can be returned, even for a while
Stage 4: Depression Silence and withdrawal Sense of quiet sadness
Stage 5: Acceptance Sense of power Person facing reality in constructive ways
Closure Coming to an end of the most intense parts of the grieving process
Delayed grief responsePutting off stages of grief until the shock wears off Cover up feelings with drugs Assuring everyone they are fine
STRESS TERMS STRESS: A GENERAL CONCEPT DESCRIBING A “LOAD” ON THE SYSTEM. STRESSOR: A SPECIFIC PROBLEM OR ISSUE THAT CAN BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL. STRAIN:
Stress Sucks!! Learn how to cope with it!!
Managing Stress & Anxiety Chapter 8 Standard: Students will apply and justify effective strategies for responding to stress.
Stress In Your Life Stress is an unavoidable part of life If positive It can make life fun and exciting If negative it can severely impact your physical.
Stress Reaction of mind and body to demands on life Stressor Something that causes stress.
Chapter 4 Understanding Stress LT: I can name at least 3 causes of stress.
Test Tomorrow BRING COMPLETED REVIEW FOR 10 BONUS POINTS
1.Define stress and explain the different types. 2.Define stressor and list some of the stressors you deal with each day. 3.Describe the body’s response.
Managing stress in Your Life
STRESS TERMS STRESS : A GENERAL CONCEPT DESCRIBING A “LOAD” ON THE SYSTEM. STRESSOR : A SPECIFIC PROBLEM OR ISSUE THAT CAN BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL. STRAIN.
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Chapter 9: Managing Stress in Your Life
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The reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
Managing Stress and Coping with Loss Activity: Everyone blow up their balloon until it pops. How does this relate to stress?
Managing Stress in Your Life
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