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Presentation on theme: "Stress."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stress

2 Stress The body’s and mind’s reaction to everyday demands or threats. Real or imagined

3 Stress can be minor and go unnoticed
Can be useful or harmful, energizing or exhausting Key-learn to handle it in healthful ways

4 Distress Negative stress Too much pressure or trauma and you don’t know how to deal with it

5 Can help you achieve your goals
Eustress Positive stress Can help you achieve your goals

6 Kinds of stressors

7 Stressor Any stimulus that produces a stress response People, objects, places, events, or situations

8 5 general categories of stressors

9 Biological stressors Biochemical imbalances Mental or physical illness Disabilities or injuries

10 Environmental stressors
Poverty Pollution Crowding Noise Natural disasters

11 Cognitive or thinking stressors
Perceive a situation What you expect

12 Personal behavior stressors
Tobacco Alcohol Other drugs Not exercising

13 Life situations Relative or pet die Parents separate or divorce Trouble with relationships

14 The body’s stress response

15 Perceive a situation or event to be a threat, your body begins a stress response

16 Nervous and endocrine systems are active during reaction to stressors
Involuntary Occur whether physical or emotional, positive or negative

17 Alarm stage 1st stage in the stress response, when the body and mind go on high alert

18 Adrenaline “emergency hormone”
Secreted by the adrenal glands to prepare the body to respond to a stressor Sweat and tears – only way to get rid of

19 Fight or flight Heart speeds up Breath faster Throat muscles contract
Sweat Arms and legs tighten Mind on high alert

20 Resistance 2nd stage in the stress response, body tries to repair the damage and return to normal

21 Fatigue 3rd stage, resulting in a tired feeling that lowers one’s level activity

22 Three kinds of fatigue

23 Physical fatigue End of long day After exercise

24 Pathological fatigue Overworking Sick, overweight, poor nutrition
Alcohol or caffeine

25 Psychological fatigue
Constant worry Overwork Depression Boredom isolation

26 Prolonged or repeated stress can lead to stress-related illnesses.

27 Stress and the brain

28 Thrive on challenge or frighten you
New experiences unafraid or change scare you Neurotransmitters – brain chemicals

29 Stress tolerance Amount of stress which you can handle before you reach a state of too much stress.

30 Stress and your personality type

31 Type A personality Competitive High-achieving Develop heart disease or other health problems

32 Type B personality “laid back” Non-competitive Less likely to suffer heart disease

33 Hardy personality able to stay healthy despite major or traumatic stressors Resilience Change Commitment control

34 Psychosomatic response
Physical disorder that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness

35 Signs of stress

36 Physical signs Headaches Trembling Upset stomach Sweating constipation
Diarrhea Trouble sleeping Grinding teeth Dry mouth Back pain

37 Emotional signs Frustration Nervousness Feeling powerless Impatience
Mood swings Edginess Quick to anger Confusion Crying Low self-esteem

38 Mental signs Trouble reading Not thinking clearly Constant worry
Obsessive thoughts Inability to make decisions Forgetting No sense of humor No perspective

39 Behavioral signs Not eating Overeating Compulsive talking Fidgeting
Tapping feet Withdrawing Hurrying Drumming fingers Smoking Reckless behaviors

40 Managing stress Identify the problem Stress management Planning
Rechanneling energy Relaxing and laughing Seeking support Time management

41 Relaxation response State of deep rest that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practiced regularly

42 Support group Informal or formal gathering of who people who meet and share experiences, feelings, and trust, can also be helpful

43 Time management skills
Specific strategies for planning and using time in effective, healthful ways

44 Priorities Goals, tasks, or activities that you judge as more important to do than others

45 Coping with loss

46 Grief reaction Individual’s total response to a major loss

47 Stages of loss

48 Stage 1: Denial Initial reaction Cannot believe the loss has occurred

49 Stage 2: Anger “why me” stage Critical, demanding,or uncooperative

50 Stage 3: Bargaining Pray or promise to change if only the lost person or object can be returned, even for a while

51 Stage 4: Depression Silence and withdrawal Sense of quiet sadness

52 Stage 5: Acceptance Sense of power Person facing reality in constructive ways

53 Closure Coming to an end of the most intense parts of the grieving process

54 Delayed grief response
Putting off stages of grief until the shock wears off Cover up feelings with drugs Assuring everyone they are fine

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