Presentation on theme: "What is Commercial Recreation & Tourism?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is Commercial Recreation & Tourism? Chapter 1
2 Commercial Recreation Commercialized Public RecreationEntrepreneurial RecreationTourism
3 Commercial Recreation “ The provision of recreation-related products or services by private enterprise for a fee, with the long-term intent of being profitable.”
4 Commercialized Public Recreation “The provision of selected recreation-related products or services by a governmental or nonprofit organization in a commercial manner, with much or all of the costs covered by fees, charges, or other non-tax revenues.”
5 Entrepreneurial Recreation “The actions of a recreation-related organization that searches for trends and changes in its environment, then brings together and manages resources to exploit those changes as an opportunity.”
6 Tourism“ The activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment, for leisure, business, or other purposes.”
7 Types of Commercial Recreation & Tourism The Travel IndustryThe Hospitality IndustryThe Local Commercial Recreation IndustryThe Facilitators
8 The Travel IndustryPrimary function is the movement of people and the provision of travel-related services. Includes airlines, rental cars, bus lines, railroads, cruise lines, travel & tour companies.
9 The Hospitality Industry Primary function is the provision of accommodations, food and beverage, and related amenities. This includes hotels, motels, restaurants, resorts, campgrounds, recreation communities, taverns, & night clubs.
10 The Local Commercial Recreation Industry Primary function is the provision of retail products and entertainment; including sporting goods, theme/amusement/water parks, movie theaters, sport/fitness/health clubs, golf courses and country clubs.
11 The FacilitatorsFacilitators of many types support the three main industries.1. travel agencies support hospitality.2. equipment wholesalers support local commercial recreation.3. convention/visitors bureaus support hospitality and local commercial recreation.
12 Participation & Expenditures. In The Recreation/Leisure/Tourism Participation & Expenditures In The Recreation/Leisure/Tourism IndustryData regarding participation and expenditures in this large and complex industry are important in order to assess the present and to make projections for the future. The following data is used in many ways:
13 Data used:Feasibility studies for new or expanded facilities or programs.Operational decisions involving demand estimates, pricing, marketing, employment or seasonal staff, etc.Projections by government for sales taxes, hotel occupancy taxes, etc.
14 Data used cont. Policy decisions by governmental agencies, and Lobbying efforts of industry/trade associations.
15 Economic, social, and environmental impacts Employment opportunitiesLocal economy is stimulatedOutside capital is attractedProperty values increaseTax revenues increaseRecreation opportunities increaseEconomic multiplier improves
16 The Negative Impact!High failure rates result in unemployment/low economyLocal roads, utilities, etc. can become overburdenedCrime can increaseNatural resources can be overusedUndesirable types of commercial recreation may appear.
17 What role does the government play in commercial recreation and tourism? A positive or negative effect?Economic impact?
18 COMPLEMENTARY RELATIONSHIPS Provide, maintain, and/or regulate the roads, sewer, utilities that supports commercial recreation/tourismPromote tourismProvide public facilitiesProvide low-cost introductory program.
19 COOPERATIVE ARRANGEMENTS Public agency programs conducted at commercial facilitiesCo-sponsorship of promotional events/special eventsLoaning or sharing of equipment, supplies, or staffCooperative facility development
20 PLANNING RELATIONSHIPS Long range planning for recreation and tourism is best served when government and private enterprise work together. This does not always happen!Becomes territorial
21 Key Trends in the Recreation and Tourism Industry….. International, national, regional, and local economic conditions affect the ability of people to spend for recreation and tourismDemographic changes underlie changes in the market for recreation and tourism
22 Trends cont.Resource availability will affect almost all forms of commercial recreation and tourismForeign policy, war, and terrorists activity and violence will alter tourists’ choicesNew technology will be availableMulti-cultural & diverse activities will increase