Civics – study of citizenship and gov’t Citizen – a member of a nation who owes allegiance to its gov’t and is protected by it
Four reasons: Make laws (What purpose do laws serve?) Keep order Provide services (What services?) Prevent anarchy (Why is anarchy a problem?)
Who are American Citizens? 14 th amendment states; anyone born or naturalized in the US.
We are a nation of immigrants EXP: E pluribus unum: out of many one On the back of all American coins
1. By Birth Born in any 50 states Born on any American Territory (Guam, Puerto Rico or oversees base) 1 or both parents are citizens Children born on American soil except for foreign diplomats
2. Naturalization Process: Legal Process Aliens: non citizens who live in USA to work but leave and return to home country Immigrants: people who move here permanently 1. Sign Declaration of Intention form 2. Live in US 5 yrs. or 3 if married 3. Interview with US CIS Agent 4. Take citizenship exam 5. Attend a ceremony, say oath of allegiance
How long does your citizenship last? Forever or unless you voluntarily give it up Who grants citizenship? Federal gov’t If illegal aliens are caught what happens to them? Deported: sent back to own country
Responsibility: things we should do Be informed Speak up and vote Respect others rights Respect diversity Have tolerance: respect and accept others beliefs, practices and differences Contribute to the common good
Duty: things we must do Obey laws Pay taxes Serve in court (jury duty) Attend school (until at least 16 years old) Defend the nation Men from ages 18-25 must register with the federal gov’t Called the Selective Service Act
Volunteerism: the practice of offering your time to others without pay Community: group of people who share the same interests or concerns
Examples of National Programs Peace Corps Est. 1961 Go to other countries and help over 135 Ameri Corps: Work in USA through local and national organizations EXP: Red Cross If you work with them for 1 year they help pay for college Job Corp no-cost education and vocational training program administered by the U.S. Department of Labor that helps young people ages 16 through 24 get a better job, make more money, and take control of their lives.
Democracy – rule by the people Direct democracy – system in which people vote on all decisions Republic – system in which people choose representatives to make decisions for them (also known as representative democracy) Monarchy – system in which the right to rule is passed down through a family (king or queen)
Dictatorship – rule by a single individual Totalitarianism – system in which the government has complete authority over every aspect of the people’s lives Oligarchy – system in which a small minority has authority Theocracy – system in which religious beliefs have the power of law Anarchy – system in which no form of government exists…chaos!