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 Civics – study of citizenship and gov’t  Citizen – a member of a nation who owes allegiance to its gov’t and is protected by it.

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Presentation on theme: " Civics – study of citizenship and gov’t  Citizen – a member of a nation who owes allegiance to its gov’t and is protected by it."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Civics – study of citizenship and gov’t  Citizen – a member of a nation who owes allegiance to its gov’t and is protected by it

3  Four reasons: Make laws (What purpose do laws serve?) Keep order Provide services (What services?) Prevent anarchy (Why is anarchy a problem?)

4 Who are American Citizens?  14 th amendment states; anyone born or naturalized in the US.

5  We are a nation of immigrants EXP: E pluribus unum: out of many one  On the back of all American coins

6 1. By Birth Born in any 50 states Born on any American Territory (Guam, Puerto Rico or oversees base) 1 or both parents are citizens Children born on American soil except for foreign diplomats

7 2. Naturalization Process: Legal Process Aliens: non citizens who live in USA to work but leave and return to home country Immigrants: people who move here permanently 1. Sign Declaration of Intention form 2. Live in US 5 yrs. or 3 if married 3. Interview with US CIS Agent 4. Take citizenship exam 5. Attend a ceremony, say oath of allegiance

8  How long does your citizenship last? Forever or unless you voluntarily give it up  Who grants citizenship? Federal gov’t  If illegal aliens are caught what happens to them? Deported: sent back to own country

9  Responsibility: things we should do Be informed Speak up and vote Respect others rights Respect diversity  Have tolerance: respect and accept others beliefs, practices and differences Contribute to the common good

10  Duty: things we must do Obey laws Pay taxes Serve in court (jury duty) Attend school (until at least 16 years old) Defend the nation  Men from ages 18-25 must register with the federal gov’t  Called the Selective Service Act

11  Volunteerism: the practice of offering your time to others without pay  Community: group of people who share the same interests or concerns

12 Examples of National Programs  Peace Corps Est. 1961 Go to other countries and help over 135  Ameri Corps: Work in USA through local and national organizations EXP: Red Cross If you work with them for 1 year they help pay for college  Job Corp no-cost education and vocational training program administered by the U.S. Department of Labor that helps young people ages 16 through 24 get a better job, make more money, and take control of their lives.

13 COULD YOU PASS THE CITIZENSHIP EXAM???

14 1. National 2. State 3. Local County City

15  Democracy – rule by the people Direct democracy – system in which people vote on all decisions  Republic – system in which people choose representatives to make decisions for them (also known as representative democracy)  Monarchy – system in which the right to rule is passed down through a family (king or queen)

16  Dictatorship – rule by a single individual  Totalitarianism – system in which the government has complete authority over every aspect of the people’s lives  Oligarchy – system in which a small minority has authority  Theocracy – system in which religious beliefs have the power of law  Anarchy – system in which no form of government exists…chaos!


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