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Chapter 4: People and Places

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4: People and Places"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4: People and Places

2 Elements of Culture 4.1 Culture Society Ethnic group Innovation
Diffusion Cultural Hearth

3 Elements of Culture Acculturation Dialect Religion Monotheistic
Polytheistic Animistic

4 Population Geography 4.2 Birthrate Fertility rate
Mortality rate (death rate) Infant mortality rate Rate of natural increase Population growth rate

5 Population Geography Population pyramid Population density
Push-pull factors Immigration Emigration Carrying capacity

6 Political Geography 4.3 State Sovereignty Nation Nation-state
Stateless nation Democracy Monarchy

7 Political Geography Dictatorship Communism Landlocked
Natural boundaries Artificial boundaries Federal states

8 Urban Geography 4.4 Urban geography Cities Suburbs Exurbs
Metropolitan area Urbanization Central business district (CBD)

9 Economic Geography 4.5 Economy Economic system Traditional economy
Command economy Market economy Mixed economy (Socialism)

10 Economic Geography Primary activities Secondary activities
Tertiary activities Quaternary activities Natural resources Renewable Non-renewable Inexhaustible energy sources

11 Economic Geography Infrastructure Per capita income
Gross national product (GNP) Gross domestic product (GDP) Developing nations Developed nations

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