Presentation on theme: "I could never play football in the playground carefully last year."— Presentation transcript:
1 I could never play football in the playground carefully last year. Word OrderSubjectHelping verbsFrequency adverbsMain verbsObjectAdverbs of mannerAdverbs of placeAdverbs of timeفاعلفعل کمکیقید تکرارفعل اصلیمفعولقید حالتقید مکانقید زمانIamsometimesgomebadlyat schoolyesterdayYouisalwayseatyouquicklyat homeevery dayHeareusuallyplayhimrapidlyin classtomorrowShewasoftenliveherbeautifullyon farmin AbanItwereneverreaditcarefullyat universityin winterWecanhardlywriteuscarelesslyin the fieldon MondayTheycouldrarelydrivethemhardon landlast nightNpwillscarcelyget upnpfastin the skyat 6Pnmusteverseepnwellhereon timeI could never play football in the playground carefully last year.
2 SubjectSubject goes at the very beginning of a sentence. A subject has three forms:Pronouns: I – You – He – She - It - We – You –TheyPN (proper noun): Ali – Reza – Hamid – MinaNP (noun phrase): My father – his Friend – The students
3 Helping verbsHelping verbs go after the subject. Helping verbs are classified into two groups:Be- have-do family: am; is; are; was; were; have; has; hadModals: can; could; shall; should; will; would; may; might; must; have to; had to; ……
4 Frequency adverbsAdverbs of frequency goes after the auxiliary verbs and before the main verbs.He is always late.He always comes late.We is always coming late.The list: always; sometimes; often; usually; never; hardly; ……. .
5 It shows the tense of the sentence; Main verbsMain verb is the core of the sentence. It is the core because:It shows the tense of the sentence;I played football. ( simple past tense )I play football. ( simple present tense )I will play football. ( simple future tense )I am playing football. ( present continuous tense )I was playing football. ( past continuous tense )I have played football. ( present perfect tense )I had played football. ( past perfect tense )
6 Objects come after the transitive verbs. They ate lunch. Subject verb objectThey can’t go after the intransitive verbs;The students go to school.Bitransitive verbs get two objects;Ali sent an to Reza.Ali sent Reza an .Ergative verbs are both transitive and intransitive.The door opens.Ali open the door.
7 Adverbs of mannerAdverbs of manner go after the object.The children are watching TV carefully.How to make an adverb of manner? Adjective + -ly = adverb of mannerSome adverbs are irregular: hard; fast; wellThe teacher can speak English well.What’s the difference between hard and hardly?
8 Adverbs of placeAdverbs of place go after the adverb of manner.She is watching the TV carelessly at home.Adverbs of place describes the place of action or state.The smaller place goes before the larger one.They live on Zand Street in Shiraz.Zand Street is smaller than Shiraz.
9 Adverbs of timeAdverbs of time go at the end of the sentence and show the time of action or state.I saw him at school yesterday.Like adverbs of place, The smaller time goes before the larger one.Mina got up at 6 yesterday.Yesterday is bigger than at 6.