Form of Past Continuous Tense: Positive Sentence Subject +“BE” +main verb (V +ing ) + modifier. Iwaslisteningto music. You, We, Theyweredancinghappily. He, She, Itwasreadingbooks.
Form of Past Continuous Tense: Negative Sentence Subject +“BE” +NOT + main verb (V +ing ) + modifier. I wasnot listeningto music. wasn't You, We, They werenot dancinghappily. weren't He, She, It wasnot readingbooks. wasn't
Form of Past Continuous Tense: Yes-No Question “BE” +Subject + main verb (V +ing ) + modifier ? WasIlisteningto music? Wereyou, we, theywatchingWorld’s Cup last night? Washe, she, itbeinglazy?
Form of Past Continuous Tense: Wh-Question Question word “BE” +Subject + main verb (V+ing) + modifier ? Who wasItalking to when the phone rang? Where wereyou, we, theywatchingWorld’s Cup last night? Who washe, she, itdoingat 11 o’clock last night?
Use of Past Continuous Tense 1. We use the past continuous to say that an action was in progress at a specific time in the past. The action had already started at this time, but had not finished. At 5pm yesterday, it was raining. I was having dinner at 6pm last night. Last night at 11 PM, my sister and I (we) were watching TV. At midnight, we were still driving through the desert. What were you doing at midnight last night?
Use of Past Continuous Tense 2. We use the past continuous to say that an action was in progress at every moment during a period of time. Yesterday she was sitting at her desk at work all day. You were working all day yesterday. Yesterday they were not playing football at 9am. What were you doing at 10pm last night? Jimmy was working at 10pm last night. working 8:00am 4: 00pm12:00pm
Use of Past Continuous Tense 3. We use the past continuous together with the past simple. The past continuous refers to a "longer" or "background" action that was in progress to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted; The past simple refers to a “shorter” action that interrupted the longer action, or happened in the middle of it. John’s daughter was sleeping when he called her at 8pm. *Remember: this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time!
Jimmy was taking a bath when the phone rang. A: What were you doing when you broke your leg? B: I was snowboarding.
Use of Past Continuous Tense 4. We use the past continuous to say that an action in the past was temporary. Sarah was waiting for her friend for 20 minutes yesterday. You were working in the Sales Department last month. They were living in Paris for a year.
Past Continuous Tense & Past Simple Tense We often use the past continuous tense with the simple past tense. We use the past continuous tense to express a long action. And we use the past simple tense to express a short action that happens in the middle of the long action.
Past Continuous Tense & Past Simple Tense Long action = (watching TV), expressed with past continuous tense Short action = (knocked), expressed with simple past tense I was watching TV when Jim knocked the door.
‘when’ + short action (past simple tense) ‘while’ + long action (past continuous tense) I was watching TVwhenJim knocked the door. WhenJim knocked the door,I was watching TV Jim knocked the doorwhileI was watching TV WhileI was watching TV,Jim knocked the door I was watching TV when Jim knocked the door.