2 Overview Of Literary Time Periods Puritan/Colonial ( )Revolutionary/Age of Reason ( )Romanticism ( )American Renaissance/ Transcendentalism ( )Realism ( )The Moderns ( )Harlem Renaissance (1920s)Post-Modernism (1950 to present)Contemporary (1970s-Present)
3 Review: Puritan/Colonial Period (1650-1750) Genre/Style :Sermons, religious tracts, diaries, personal narratives, religious poems. It was written in plain style.Effect/Aspects :Instructive, reinforces authority of the Bible and the church. Very little imaginative literature was produced.Historical Context :Puritan settlers fled England where they were being persecuted for their religious beliefs, and came to New England to have religious freedom.
4 Review: Revolutionary Period/Age of Reason (1750-1800) Overview of Revolutionary Period/Age of ReasonGenre/Style :Political Pamphlets, Travel Writing, and highly ornate persuasive writing.Effect/Aspects :Patriotism and pride grows, creates unity about issues, and creates American character.Historical Context :Encouraged Revolutionary War support.
5 America establishes its boundaries Westward ExpansionAmerica establishes its boundaries
6 Big Ideas…Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement.Westward migration was influenced by geography and economic opportunity.Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society in the South.
8 The Louisiana Purchase New territories added to the United States after 1801Louisiana PurchaseJefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
10 Other Territories Florida Texas Oregon California Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty.TexasTexas was added after it became an independent republic.OregonThe Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain.CaliforniaWar with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States.
12 Factors affecting westward expansion Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movementPopulation growth in the eastern statesAvailability of cheap, fertile landEconomic opportunity, e.g., gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves)Cheaper and faster transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboatsKnowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe)Belief in the right of “Manifest Destiny”—The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country
13 Romanticism (1800-1860) Overview of Romanticism Genre/Style :Character Sketches, Slave Narratives, Poetry, and short stories.Effect/Aspects :Integrity of nature and freedom of imagination. Emphasis on emotion and individualismHistorical Context :Publishing expands and industrial revolution brings new ideas.
14 Characteristics of American Romanticism Values feeling and intuition over reasonPlaces faith in inner experience and the power of the imaginationShuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled naturePrefers youthful innocence to educated sophisticationChampions individual freedom and the worth of the individualContemplates nature’s beauty as a path to spiritual and moral development
15 Characteristics (continued) Looks backward to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progressFinds beauty and truth in exotic locals, the supernatural realm, and the inner world of the imaginationSees poetry as the highest expression of the imaginationFinds inspiration in myth, legend, and fold culture
16 The Industrial Revolution 1870-1960 Mass production of power and goods
17 The First and Second Industrial Revolutions The first, or old, Industrial Revolution took place between about 1750 and 1870Took place in England, the United States, Belgium, and FranceSaw fundamental changes in agriculture, the development of factories, and rural-to-urban migrationThe second Industrial Revolution took place between about 1870 and 1960Saw the spread of the Industrial Revolution to places such as Germany, Japan, and RussiaElectricity became the primary source of power for factories, farms, and homesMass production, particularly of consumer goodsUse of electrical power saw electronics enter the marketplace (electric lights, radios, fans, television sets)
18 The Spread of the Industrial Revolution Mid-1800s – Great Britain, the world leader in the Industrial Revolution, attempted to ban the export of its methods and technologies, but this soon failed1812 – United States industrialized after the War of 1812After 1825 – France joined the Industrial Revolution following the French Revolution and Napoleonic warsCirca 1870 – Germany industrialized at a rapid pace, while Belgium, Holland, Italy, Sweden, and Switzerland were slower to industrializeBy 1890 – Russia and Japan began to industrialize