Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CS178 Database Management “JDBC”. What is JDBC ? JDBC stands for “Java DataBase Connectivity” The standard interface for communication between a Java.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "CS178 Database Management “JDBC”. What is JDBC ? JDBC stands for “Java DataBase Connectivity” The standard interface for communication between a Java."— Presentation transcript:

1 CS178 Database Management “JDBC”

2 What is JDBC ? JDBC stands for “Java DataBase Connectivity” The standard interface for communication between a Java application and a SQL database Allows a Java program to issue SQL statements and process the results.

3 JDBC Classes and Interfaces Steps to using a database query: Load a JDBC “driver” Connect to the data source Send/execute SQL statements Process the results

4 JDBC Driver Acts as the gateway to a database Not actually a “driver”, just a.jar file Java applicationDatabase Server JDBC Driver

5 JDBC Driver Installation Must download the driver, copy it to cobweb then add the.jar file to your $CLASSPATH To set up your classpath, ssh into cobweb and execute the following command: –export CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH: :.

6 JDBC Driver Management All drivers are managed by the DriverManager class Example - loading an Oracle JDBC driver: –In the Java code: Class.forName(“oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver”) Driver class names: Oracle: oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver MySQL:com.mysql.jdbc.Driver MS SQL Server:

7 Establishing a Connection Create a Connection object Use the DriverManager to grab a connection with the getConnection method Necessary to follow exact connection syntax Problem 1: the parameter syntax for getConnection varies between JDBC drivers Problem 2: one driver can have several different legal syntaxes

8 Establishing a Connection (cont.) Oracle Example Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection(string, “username", “password"); what to supply for string ? “ ” DriverDatabase URLPort #SIDType

9 Establishing a Connection (cont.) MySQL Example Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection(string); what to supply for string ? “ jdbc:mysql:// :3306/ ?user= &password= ” DriverPortUsernamePasswordURL DB Name

10 Executing Statements Obtain a statement object from the connection: –Statement stmt = con.createStatement (); Execute the SQL statements: –stmt.executeUpdate(“update table set field=‘value’”); –stmt.executeUpdate(“INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (1, ‘name’)”); –stmt.executeQuery(“SELECT * FROM mytable”);

11 Retrieving Data ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(“ SELECT id,name FROM employees where id = 1000 ”) Some methods used in ResultSet: –next() –getString() –getInt()

12 Using the Results while ( { float s = rs.getInt("id"); String n = rs.getString("name"); System.out.println(s + " " + n); }

13 Connection Class Interface public boolean getReadOnly() and void setReadOnly(boolean b) Specifies whether transactions in this connection are read-only public boolean isClosed() Checks whether connection is still open. public boolean getAutoCommit() and void setAutoCommit(boolean b) If autocommit is set, then each SQL statement is considered its own transaction. Otherwise, a transaction is committed using commit(), or aborted using rollback().

14 Executing SQL Statements Three different ways of executing SQL statements: –Statement (both static and dynamic SQL statements) –PreparedStatement (semi-static SQL statements) –CallableStatment (stored procedures) PreparedStatement class:Precompiled, parametrized SQL statements: –Structure is fixed –Values of parameters are determined at run-time

15 Executing SQL Statements (cont.) String sql=“INSERT INTO Sailors VALUES(?,?,?,?)”; PreparedStatment pstmt=con.prepareStatement(sql); pstmt.clearParameters(); pstmt.setInt(1,sid); pstmt.setString(2,sname); pstmt.setInt(3, rating); pstmt.setFloat(4,age); // we know that no rows are returned, thus we use executeUpdate() int numRows = pstmt.executeUpdate();

16 ResultSets PreparedStatement.executeUpdate only returns the number of affected records PreparedStatement.executeQuery returns data, encapsulated in a ResultSet object (a cursor) ResultSet rs=pstmt.executeQuery(sql); // rs is now a cursor While ( { // process the data }

17 ResultSets (cont.) A ResultSet is a very powerful cursor: previous() : moves one row back absolute(int num) : moves to the row with the specified number relative (int num) : moves forward or backward first() and last()

18 Matching Java-SQL Data Types getTimestamp()java.sql.TimeStampTIMESTAMP getTime()java.sql.TimeTIME getDate()java.sql.DateDATE getFloat()DoubleREAL getInt()IntegerINTEGER getDouble()DoubleFLOAT getDouble()DoubleDOUBLE getString()StringVARCHAR getString()StringCHAR getBoolean()BooleanBIT ResultSet get methodJava classSQL Type

19 JDBC: Exceptions and Warnings Most of java.sql can throw and SQLException if an error occurs (use try/catch blocks to find connection problems) SQLWarning is a subclass of EQLException; not as severe (they are not thrown and their existence has to be explicitly tested)

20 JDBC Cobweb example: import java.sql.*; public class JDBCexample { static String url ="jdbc:mysql:// ?user= &password= "; public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { Connection con=null; try { Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"); } catch(java.lang.ClassNotFoundException e) { System.err.print("ClassNotFoundException: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } try { con = DriverManager.getConnection(url); System.out.println("Got Connection."); } catch(SQLException ex) { System.err.println("SQLException: " + ex.getMessage()); }

21 In class assignment Download the MySQL JDBC “driver” (Connector/J) from and copy the.jar file to your cobweb Write a java application to run a query on one of your tables and return the results to the command line.

Download ppt "CS178 Database Management “JDBC”. What is JDBC ? JDBC stands for “Java DataBase Connectivity” The standard interface for communication between a Java."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google