Presentation on theme: "Gender Differences and Theories How do we acquire our sense of male and female behavior?"— Presentation transcript:
Gender Differences and Theories How do we acquire our sense of male and female behavior?
The Nature and Nurture of Gender X Chromosome the sex chromosome found in both men and women females have two; males have one an X chromosome from each parent produces a female child ( XX) Y Chromosome the sex chromosome found only in men when paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child (XY)
The Nature and Nurture of Gender Testosterone the most significant of the male sex hormones both males and females have it additional testosterone in males stimulates growth of male sex organs in the fetus development of male sex characteristics during puberty Brain Differences?
The Nature and Nurture of Gender Gender Role a set of expected behaviors for males and females Gender Identity one’s sense of being male or female Gender-Typing the acquisition and internalization of a traditional masculine or feminine role
Social Learning Theory Gender Typing or Sex Typing is a result of behavior that is learned Modeling or Observation Rewards and Punishments Sex Typing in the home survey results
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic` Basic Belief= Sex typing is unavoidable Environment plays NO role in sex typing Children will become sex typed because of inborn genetic tendencies ( Nature)
Freud’s Stages of Gender Identification PPPPHALLIC STAGE= Children become aware of genital differences at age 2 1/2 to 3 OEDIPAL CONFLICT= Boys desire Mom Girls desire dad (Electra) Unconscious process Occurs at age 5
Freud’s Stages of Gender Identification IIIIDENTIFICATION= Boys and girls act like their same gender parent and become sex typed. OOOOccurs at age 6 or 7
Cognitive Developmental Children are active agents of there own socialization The process is internal “I am a boy so I want to do boy things”
Gender Schema Theory GGGGender is a pervasive cultural force IIIIt is one of the most influential forces on our behavior-expectations and limits IIIIt organizes the society and culture SSSSandra Bem