Freud Psycho-Sexual Theory Freud proposed that there were 5 stages of development. Believed that few people successfully completed all 5 of the stages. Instead, he felt that most people tied up their libido at one of the stages, which prevented them from using that energy at a later stage. Believed that your personality was set by age 3.
Freud Psycho-Sexual Theory Libido means… sex drive.
ORAL STAGE Occurs from birth to about 1 year Libido is focused on the mouth Frustration from having to wait on another person, being dependent on another person. Being fixated at this stage may mean an excessive use of oral stimulation, such as cigarettes, drinking or eating.
ANAL STAGE Occurs about 18 months and 3 years. Individuals have their first encounter with rules and regulations, as they have to learn to be toilet trained. Will dictate the later behavior with rules and regulations.
ANAL STAGE Libido is focused anally Frustration may arise from having to learn a somewhat complex cognitive and motor response. Fixation at this stage can result in stinginess, stubbornness, or orderliness, as well as messiness. Behavior related to retention and expulsion may be related to experiences at this stage.
Can Cause Personality Disorders… –If child is not trained properly will lead to negative outcomes: Leniency leads to: Anal-expulsive personality-- messy, wasteful, or destructive. Strictness leads to: Anal-retentive personality: stringent, orderly, rigid, and obsessive.
PHALLIC STAGE About age 4-5 years. Critical episodes for development occur during this stage Episodes occur differently for boys and girls.
PHALLIC STAGE Oedipus Complex – –the boy begins to have sexual desires for his mother –sees his father as a rival for her affections. –begins to fear that his father is suspicious of his longing for his mother –father will punish him for his desires. –The punishment, the boy fears, will be castration, which brings us to the second critical episode for this stage. Fight For Kisses
PHALLIC STAGE Castration anxiety. –fear of castration make the boy anxious –leads to the boy thinking that the father hates him eventually becomes unbearable –boy renounces his sexual feelings for his mother and chooses instead to identify with his father –hopes to someday have a relationship with a woman (though not his mother) just like dear old dad has with his mother.
PHALLIC STAGE Girls = slightly different story –oral and anal stages are the same for both girls and boys, so the focus of affection and attention is on the mother for both. –focus changes, for girls, from the mother to the father, when the girls realize that they don't have penises, so they develop penis envy. –coupled with the knowledge that her mother doesn't have a penis leads to her thinking her mother unworthy, and becoming attracted to her father, as he does have a penis.
PHALLIC STAGE Just as with boys, girls begin to suspect the same sex parent knows about their attraction to the opposite sex parent Believe the mom hates them for it. Electra Complex. –Feelings go round and round for awhile until the point when the girls renounce their feelings for their fathers –Identify with their mothers.
LATENCY STAGE Period occurs after the Oedipus conflict has been resolved Feelings that were aroused during that time have subsided From about the age of 7 until puberty Period of rest where there are no developmental events
GENITAL STAGE Begins at puberty Involves the development of the genitals, and libido begins to be used in its sexual role. Feelings for the opposite sex are a source of anxiety, Reminders of the feelings for the parents and the trauma that resulted
Psychosexual Development Activity Oh no! You are on an internship with a local psychologist. She has asked you to file five folders, but you have dropped them and all of the papers have spilled out. Your psychologist studies from the psychodynamic perspective. She believes that people’s feelings and behaviors can be explained by exploring their childhood experiences.
Bad Intern! Your psychologist is theorizing that these five patients have unresolved conflicts in one of Freud’s five psychosexual stages. The files are marked with the specific psychosexual stage. You must use the sticky notes and the patient information provided to make your guess for each patient. Remember that your job is riding on this!
Match the Patient with the Stage of Conflict. Patient #1 – Bob can’t stop cheating on his wife. He has continuously gone to therapy and regrets each time he betrays her. Patient #2 – Jennie has no friends that are girls. She claims, when asked, that they don’t understand her and she can’t be friends with them. Jennie has attached herself to all male friends. Patient #3 – Vivian is an alcoholic. She has lost the last three jobs she occupied due to her inability to come to work sober. Patient #4 – Rebecca can be obsessive at times. She likes all of her items on her desk at work and home to be in specific places. If her children move an item from her desk, she becomes aggressive in insisting that they return the item to where they found it immediately.
Which patient fits with which stage? Patient #1 – Latency Stage Patient #2 – Phallic Stage Patient #3 – Oral Stage Patient #4 – Anal Stage