Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Matter…  has mass and occupies space.  Mass is the amount of matter an object contains.  Mass never changes, but weight does.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Matter…  has mass and occupies space.  Mass is the amount of matter an object contains.  Mass never changes, but weight does."— Presentation transcript:


2 Matter…  has mass and occupies space.  Mass is the amount of matter an object contains.  Mass never changes, but weight does.

3 The States of Matter  Matter exists in three states: Solid: a rigid substance with a definite shape Liquid: has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container Gas: takes the shape and volume of its container

4 Matter can be classified as a mixture or a pure substance.

5 - O- Only one substance - Uniform and definite composition - All samples have identical physical properties - Two or more substances mixed together - Indefinite composition - Can be physically separated into pure substances

6 - Only one type of element - Cannot be chemically separated into simpler substances - More than one type of element chemically bonded together - Can be chemically separated into elements

7 Glucose C 6 H 12 O 6 CO 2 H2H2 H2OH2O Fe Pb

8 Elements… contain only one type of atom


10 Each element has a name and a symbol. The symbol usually consists of the first one or two letters of the element’s name. Sometimes the symbol is taken from the element’s original Latin or Greek name.  Examples: oxygen O krypton Kr  Examples: gold Au aurum lead Pb plumbum

11 Compounds Compounds are substances that contain two or more different types of elements.

12 In general, the properties of compounds are quite different from those of their component elements. Example: Table salt is NaCl (sodium + chlorine), while sodium (Na) is a soft metal that acts explosively with water and chlorine (Cl) is a pale yellow- green poisonous gas

13 - S- Solutions(one phase) - Looks the same throughout - Uniform composition - Evenly mixed - S- Suspensions(two phases) - Looks different throughout (chunks) - Not uniform in composition - Will usually settle over time

14 Muddy water Tea Steel Salt water


16 Sample Problem – 1.1 Classify each of the following as an element, a compound, or a mixture: a. spaghetti sauce b. milk shake c. table sugar d. river water e. air f. nitrogen

17 Sample Problem – 1.2 Which of the following are …homogeneous? …heterogeneous?  spaghetti sauce  glass  muddy water  cough syrup

18 Separating Mixtures Mixtures can be separated into pure substances by various means.

19 Separation of Mixtures Distillation – a liquid is boiled to produce a vapor that is then condensed again to a liquid.

20 Separation of Mixtures filtration

21 Physical Properties Any characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the composition of the substance. Ex: density, viscosity, melting point, boiling point, taste, hardness, color, odor

22 Chemical Properties – describe a substance’s ability to change to a different substance. Ex. burning, rusting, decomposing, fermenting, exploding and corroding

23 Intensive property- does not depend on the size of the system or the amount of material in the system.  Examples- temperature, color, hardness, melting point, pressure and density

24 Extensive property- directly proportional to the amount of material in the system.  Examples- mass, volume, length and total charge

25 Physical Change A physical change involves a change in one or more physical properties but no change in composition. The original substance is still the same material.


27 Liquid Water Water Vapor Solid Water Water is still H 2 O in all phases. Therefore, phase changes are physical changes!

28 Chemical Change A chemical change transforms a substance into one or more new substances.


30 Cutting Wood Burning Wood Rain (water vapor => liquid water)

31 Melting Gold Rust

32 Molding Bread Chewing apple Digesting apple Sparkler Dissolving Kool-Aid powder in water

33 Simplifying Mixtures and Compounds  The separation of a mixture is a physical change (such as distillation, filtration).  Breaking down a compound into simpler substances is a chemical change (such as decomposition).

34 Sample Problem – 1.3 Describe how a mixture of iron filings and aluminum filings can be separated. Is this process a physical or chemical change?

35 Sample Problem – 1.4 What physical properties could be used to separate a mixture of iron filings and salt?

36 Sample Problem – 1.5  State several physical or chemical properties that could be used to distinguish between each of the following pairs of substances. a. gasoline and water b. copper and silver c. water and salt water solution d. aluminum and steel

37 Law of Conservation of Mass  Mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical or physical process. reactantsproducts

38 Mass reactants = Mass products “What goes in, must come out!” Mass of Reactants (before reaction) Mass of Products (after reaction) Reaction occurs Notice the mass before and after the reaction are the same.

39 Law of Conservation of Mass  hydrogen + oxygen  water  How much water is produced when 4.8 grams of hydrogen reacts completely with 38.4 grams of oxygen?  (Answer: 43.2 grams)

40 Summary: The Organization of Matter

Download ppt "Matter…  has mass and occupies space.  Mass is the amount of matter an object contains.  Mass never changes, but weight does."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google