Seven Elements of Art Line Shape Form Value Space Texture Color
Elements of Art = Ingredients to a recipe Need quality ingredients for quality results Follow the recipe: Can’t throw everything in Principles of Design = Recipe The Principles are how the Elements are organized and combined
LINE: The most fundamental, simplest, universal element of art. Literal Definition: A mark that spans a distance between two points (or the path of a moving point), taking any form along the way; A moving dot. Definition as an Element of Art: The use of various marks, outlines and implied lines in artwork and design, most often used to define shape in two-dimensional work.
What is Line Used For? Line can be used to show movement, shape, form, value, space/perspective, gesture, expression/emotion, etc. “Drawing is like taking a line for a walk..”
Line Variation: Different kinds of lines: Vary in direction, length, width/weight, texture Line Directions: Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, Zig Zag (Combination of diagonal lines), Curved (change direction gradually, can have different degrees)
Line Weight: Thickness or thinness of a line: Varying the line weight makes objects more 3D and interesting, adds value, dimension, weight, and emphasis
Implied Line: The path that the viewer's eye takes as it follows shapes, colors, and form along a path, but may not be continuous or physically connected.
Expressive Line: Line that shows a certain mood, feeling, or emotion through variation, direction, weight, implication,etc.
Contour: Line, Outline, or Outside Edge Blind contour drawing: A contour drawing that is drawn while looking at the object being drawn without ever looking at the paper. Eyes remain on the object at all times. The eyes slowly follow the contours of the object being drawn. Every line, shape, and texture that is seen must be translated directly through the eyes, hand, pencil, and onto the paper. Pencil should never leave the paper. Exercise of the right brain: Visual, creative, objective, observational
Ellipse (in Art) An oval that represents a circular shape at an angle An ellipse can have a thickness of anywhere between a line and a circle
Cross Contour Using line to show the form of a shape Ellipses and ellipse-like marks and measurements are used
Preview: Hatching and Cross-Hatching: Using line to create form and value. (This is also part of the elements of shape, form, value, and texture)
Gesture Drawing -Capturing the essence -Not what it is, but -what it is doing -Looseness: A “controlled scribble” How to do a gesture drawing: Begin with one directional line for the spine Find direction of shoulders and hips Loose drawing; use whole arm, relax Draw the whole figure at once Imagine that you are the model Draw from the inside out Start lightly, then gradually build darker Darker strokes show weight / tension
Line and Brain Quiz Study Guide Please review the following terms, techniques, and concepts:
Left Brain vs. Right Brain Drawing Symbols vs. Drawing from Observation Contour Blind Contour Drawing Expressive Line Line Direction & Variation Implied Line Line Weight Ellipses Cross-Contour 2-Point Perspective Facial Proportions Gesture Drawing How line is used by various artists
Portrait of Igor Stravinsky By Pablo Picasso (Spain) 1920
Rinoceros By Albrecht Dürer (German Artist, Mathematician, Theorist) Drawing & Woodcut 1515213
Studies for the Libyan Sibyl By Michelangelo Italy (Renaissance) 1508
New City By John Hultberg Oil on Canvas America 1957