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Colonial Ways of Life.  Built on Agriculture  Cash Crops  Crops grown to sell at market $$$$$$$$  How do you make a lot of $$$$$$?  Plantations.

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Presentation on theme: "Colonial Ways of Life.  Built on Agriculture  Cash Crops  Crops grown to sell at market $$$$$$$$  How do you make a lot of $$$$$$?  Plantations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colonial Ways of Life

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3  Built on Agriculture  Cash Crops  Crops grown to sell at market $$$$$$$$  How do you make a lot of $$$$$$?  Plantations  Large commercial estates used to harvest a vast amount of cash crops.

4  The demand for tobacco in Europe skyrocketed.  Demand > Supply  What does that do to the price of tobacco?  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$  Tobacco farms were located near rivers. Why?  Easier to transport.

5  What was an indentured servant?  A person that would work for someone that paid their way to the New World.  Also gave them food, housing and clothing.  Sign 4yr contracts – sometimes longer.  They could produce 5 times the contract cost in the first year.

6  Sugarcane – failed  Rice – failed (at first)  Became a successful crop with the help of West Africans from the Caribbean.  Indigo – used to make blue dye for cloth.

7  Bacon’s Rebellion – backcountry farmers were having to fight the Native Americans to keep their land.  These farmers were important to Virginia, $  This accelerated the use of slaves.

8  5% (500,000) of all slavery occurred in the Colonies.  10-12 million slaves were sent to America.  2 million died at sea.  Slave ship captains would purchase slaves from Africa.  1619 first slaves arrived.

9  Slave Code – distinguished a difference between slaves and free people in Virginia.

10  New England colonies economy was very diverse.  Fishing, whaling, shipbuilding, trade, sawmills, small farms.

11  Difficult to farm – rocky soil.  Subsistence farming – growing enough food for themselves.  Corn was the crop of choice – short growing season, and could grow in bad soil.  Also raised pigs.

12  Triangular Trade  Trade between New England, Caribbean and England.  Caribbean goods to New England  Those goods would be sold to England  English goods to New England

13  Fishing and whaling were a success because of the Grand Banks – shallows of the Atlantic Ocean where warm and cold water converged = great fishing (plankton)  bills of exchange were used like money.

14  Sawmills were powered by waterfalls along the Fall Line – area where rivers dropped in elevation.

15  Town meetings started to take place.  Discuss local problems and issues.  Open to free men only.  Started creating laws.  Selectmen – elected annually to manage the towns affairs.

16  Wealthiest were the merchants – those that controlled the cities trade.  Artisans – those that were skilled workers. Made up half of the colonial population.

17  Name some problems with large cities:  Overcrowding  Crime  Pollution  diseases

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19  Most fertile land of all the colonies.  Wheat was grown here and was in huge demand in England = $$$  Entrepreneurs became wealthy. These people would buy land and equipment and sell it new immigrants. Risked their own $.  Capitalists – people who would invest there money in new business.  Quiz on 3-2

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