Presentation on theme: "-General William Tecumseh Sherman"— Presentation transcript:
1 -General William Tecumseh Sherman “The more Indians we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next war.”-General William Tecumseh Sherman
2 Native AmericansPolicy toward Native Americans changed over time # the 4 policy changes 1 – 4Removal – Indian Removal Act, 1830, Pres. Jackson-move the 5 “civilized” nations to Oklahoma so white settlers could have the good land-”Trail of Tears”Reservations – 1850’s (p. 438)-white settlers wanted western lands-break up power of Plains Indians & open up their land for settlement
3 Assimilation (p. 442) -becoming similar to the people around you -reformers believed they would be better off if they abandoned their culture and adopted the culture of white America-established the Bureau of Indian Affairsforced kids to go to school-boys had to cut their hair-wear American clothing vs skins & blankets-speak English-no face paint-discouraged from practicing their own culture
4 They promised to take our land, and they took it.” “They made us many promises, more than I can remember, but they never kept but one.They promised to take our land, and they took it.”-Red Cloud
5 Dawes Act (p. 443)-Americanize the Native Americans-broke up reservations & turned Native Americans into individual property owners-Not successful since the best land was sold off and the poor land given to the Native Americans
6 “What treaty that the whites have kept has the red man broken? Not one. What treaty that the white man ever made with us have they kept? Not one.”-Sitting Bull
7 Resistance Indian Wars Sand Creek Massacre p. 440 – do yourself“Long Walk”-Navajos from AZ, NM, UT and CO were forced to relocate to Fort Sumner at Bosque Redondo, NM-1st reservation west of OK-After 4+ years, they were allowed to return to their native lands along the NM-AZ border-Today, the Navajo Nation is the largest Native American community in the US
8 finish the summaries about Native American resistance homeworkfinish the summaries about Native American resistance
9 Welcome back! I hope you had a good week off. You may continue to complete work from the 1st 9 weeks if you need to. It will not change your report card grade but it will increase your % so that when grades are averaged you will be in better shape.Remember that your semester grade is what goes on your transcript and counts towards your overall GPA. For this class, your semester grade will be calculated like this:1st 9 weeks = 40%2nd 9 weeks = 40%District essay final exam = 10%District multiple choice exam = 10%
10 Read the 2 paragraphs under the heading “Major Western Trails” p. 297 Warm up 10/15/12 -this starts a new notebook grade so begin on a new pageRead the 2 paragraphs under the heading “Major Western Trails” p. 297Read about 1 of the 3 trails. Write down 4 facts.
11 Take out your pink packet 1st page should be complete.Back of page 3 should be completeWe are completing front of page 2 todayIn the margin of page 2, write “Manifest Destiny”Read p. 297 and explain what it means
12 Mountain Men Sense of adventure; rugged individuals Lived by hunting and fur tradingProvided information about the West for future settlementlink between whites and Native AmericansArizona Connection:Bill Williams – Williams, AZPauline Weaver – Weaver’s Needle in the Superstitions
13 Mormons Church founded in 1830 in NY by Joseph Smith Persecuted by religious and political groupsSmith & followers moved to OH and then ILBegan “trek” to West in 1846 led by Brigham YoungArrived in Salt Lake valley in 1847 – it was Mexican territory at the timeArizona Connection:Mesa established in 1877 as a Mormon settlement
14 MinersCalifornia Gold Rush – 1849Other Gold Rushes followedSilver and copper also discoveredthe miners moved west east as lodes ran out or new ones were discoveredArizona Connection:Tombstone, Bisbee, Globe, Jerome and many other towns began as mining settlements
15 Warm up 10/16/12 Read p. 460 “Tentacles of Steel” Using complete sentences, answer these 2 questions:Why did the government begin to regulatethe railroads?Why was the Southern Pacific Railroadthought of as an octopus?
16 RailroadWrite 3 facts from the video in the margin of the “Railroad” page
17 Railroads (map. 462) America’s first BIG business Transcontinental Railroad completed in 1869 at Promontory Point Summit, Utahhuge growth in western railroadsImmigrants provided labor forceFederal government gave companies land for each mile of track laidAnd in Exchange…Railroads agreed to transport mail and soldiers at reduced rates
18 Effects of railroad construction Faster & Easier to get across the countryencouraged people to move onto the Great PlainsConstruction provided jobs for immigrants, especially Chinese and IrishBoosted US economyPhysically united AmericaLoss of buffalo severely hurt the Native Americans (the buffalo was their Super Wal-Mart)
19 Construction made possible by: Favorable terrain (except for those Rocky mountains!)Land grants from the Federal GovtLarge number of immigrants looking for work(especially Chinese & Irish)
20 Transcontinental Railroad Central PacificCaliforniaChinese WorkersUnion PacificIrish Workers
21 One Effect of the Railroad Summary activity: In your notebook, under today’s warm up, write a 6 sentence paragraph with the following line as your topic sentence:“The railroads changed the American West in positive and negative ways.”Homework if you do not finish
22 warm up 10/17/12 List the 3 M’s that traveled west List one benefit of the railroads.
23 Ranchers Demand for beef skyrocketed after Civil War Texas provided grassland good for ranching (Texas Longhorns)Problem was getting cattle to marketProblem solved when railroads reached Kansas“Long Drive” – huge herds moved from Texas to Kansas along cattle trails:Goodnight – Loving, Chisholm, and other trails“Myth of the cowboy” – independent, rugged life glamorized and became the subject of many films and TV shows (Western)End of the Long Drive caused by:Drought and blizzards,Barbed Wire invented by Joseph GliddenRailroad extended into Texas
24 hw read p. 303 – 307 answer questions 2 – 4 in complete sentences Do work in your notebook
25 From her journal…“Rose about five. Had early breakfast. Got my house work done about nine. Baked 6 loaves of bread. Made a kettle of mush and have now suet pudding and beef boiling…I have managed to put my clothes away and set my house in order. may the merciful be with me through the unexpected scene. Nine o’clock p.m. was delivered of another son.”
26 Marilla R. Washburn Bailey From an interview with her at age 87“I was married at 15, and was not a good cook and housekeeper, but I knew how to take care of babies, from having cared for my brothers and sisters. I had ten babies of my own and never had any help…I could paddle my own canoe or handle a rowboat as well as an Indian…When my husband was away, I could hunt for the meat on which we lived, for I could handle a revolver or rifle as well as most men. I have shot bears, deer, and all sorts of smaller game. In fact, I became so expert with a revolver that at 50 or 100 feet I could beat most men.”
27 Farmers (a.k.a.Homesteaders) *Homestead Act of 1862*160 acres of land for free*If a settler would:Live on the land for 5 years and cultivate the landImprove the landBuild a house (12’x14’), with a window and doorEffect of the Homestead Act…By 1900, 400,000 homesteaders had acquired farmsExodusters – African American farmers who moved west in hope of gaining free land
29 Problems faced by settlers on the plains: Difficult climate: Hot, dry summers; cold, severe winters; sudden, severe storms (hail, tornados)Few treesHouses and fences difficult to build – sod for houses and wire for fencesFuel – burned “buffalo chips” for heating and cookingRoot-filled soilFew streams for transportation/ irrigationGetting crops to markets in Eastern citiesMany farmers did not succeed in homesteading
30 Mary Richardson Walker Missionary wife who moved in the 1830s to a farm near Spokane, WashingtonHer work day averaged 16 hours. She was responsible for washing, ironing, sewing [she made all the family’s clothes, including shoes], baking, making, soap and cheese, churning butter, dipping candles, weaving carpets, and salting and smoking meats.
31 New technology helped farmers WindmillSteel plow (John Deere)Barbed wire (Joseph Glidden)Reaping machine (Cyrus McCormick)RailroadsOf these 5 inventions, which do you think was most important for the farmer? Why?
32 warm up 10/26write 5 questions about the main ideas in Mr. West’s notes from Monday 10/22/12.turn notebook in
33 warm up 10/30/12See the chart on p Which of the 3 causes of the War of 1812 do you think most motivated Congress to declare war on GB? Why?
34 Impact of European-American expansion on native peoples. Under Pres. Jefferson’s policy, Native Americans could become farmers & join white society or move west of the Mississippi RiverMany gave up long-held tribal land and moved westBritish tried to rebuild their alliances with Native Americans and use them against the US during the War of 1812Tecumseh & his brother “the Prophet” tried unsuccessfully to unite the Indian tribesIn the margin, which choice would you have made? Why?
35 War of US vs GBCAUSESUS trade ships got caught in the middle of the conflict between GB and France, hurt US economyUS ships were fired on by the British when US sailors resisted impressmentGB encouraged Native American rebellion along the frontierUS wanted to show that it was strong enough to not be pushed aroundEFFECTS – gained respect of GB and France- national pride grew- Native American resistance declinedIn the margin, which effect do you think mattersthe most?In the margin, show the conflict US had with GB on the seas
36 warm up 10/31/12If no borders were changed or land deals made, why is the War of 1812 considered a victory for the US over GB?If you were gone yesterday, get the notes & warm up from the bucket or your neighbor.
38 All of the different groups of people adventuring westward and the war of 1812 helped the country grow.Let’s look at 5 different regions that became part of the United States thanks to westward expansion.stack your 3 pieces of paper so that there is about 1 inch of each piece showingfold the papers down so that now there are 6 tabs, fold your paper in half lengthwiseCut in ½ and share with your neighbor
39 Gadsden Purchase reading Alaska p. 552 On the top square, write … “America grew as a nation during the time of westward expansion”write the following on each edgeNorthwest Territory p. 149Oregon Country p. 300Mexican Cession pGadsden Purchase readingAlaska p. 552
40 Due Thurs. For each area, you must include the following information: map for locationdate acquired by the USname of country the land was obtained fromhow the US got the land: purchase, treaty following war, treatyDue Thurs.Just lift up the flap, use your text to complete theinformation on the next slide.Add color to earn extra points.For Gadsden purchase, read the card ofinformation, draw map & take notes on the event.
41 when did it start getting settled? map of areahow did we get this land?when did it start getting settled?Land Ordinance –Northwest Ordinance –map of areahow & when did we get this land?What did Polk say he wanted?what did Polk actually get?who did we get it from?p. 149p. 300Info for under 4 ofthe flaps.map of areahow did we get this land?name of treatywhen did it start getting settled?how much did it cost?What states did it become?map of areahow & when did we get this land?how much did it cost?why did Seward want it?what ended up being a benefit of adding it to the US?pp. 552
42 warm up 11/1/12 write the area acquired and the country we got it from Oregon –Northwest Territory –Mexican Cession –Gadsden Purchase –Alaska –
43 Thursday 11/1 workFinish flip notes from Weds & tape, staple or glue into notebookHW – complete the matching worksheet & put into notebook
45 cause and effect wkst – 15 pts 1 pt each correct answer5 pts complete cause, event, resultvocab matching 1 pt each correct answer28/2 = 14 pts max possible; round up if it is in the notebook, round down if it is loosepresidents during the early 1800s notes
46 11/7/12 warm upquiz for westward expansion – write the answers in your notebook______________ Doctrine told European countries to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.Pres. _________ arranged the Louisiana Purchase.__________ was purchased from Russia__________ was annexed.__________ was added after Mexico allowed Americans to settle there.__________ was added after a treaty with G.B.______________ - added to provide a southern railroad routeSpain gave the US ___________Mexican Cession occurred after a _________.
47 answers 1. monroe doctrine 2. jefferson 3. alaska 4. hawaii 5. texas 6. oregon7. Gadsen Purchase8. Florida9. War
48 England’s Industrial Revolution Affects the United States (put this title on the top square) Read p. 251, explain Samuel Slater’s role in starting the American Industrial Revolution. How did he get to the US, what did he bring, what did he do when he arrived?Write this information on the front flap of your note packet under the title
49 5 tabs on note packet Factory system urbanization transportation inventionssummary
50 Factory system p. 252 - 253 Textiles – Lowell, Mass – Lowell girls - refers to products used to make materialwhich is then used to make clothing,carpet, etc.Textiles –Lowell, Mass –Lowell girls -40 mills with 10,000 loomscenter of textile industryall aspects of textile production occurred in 1 factorymost of the factory workers were young womencame from local farmsgood money but long hourslived in boardinghouses owned by the factories
52 Transportation p. 253 - 255 Canals – Erie Canal connected Great Lakes Steamboats –Railroads –Erie Canal connected Great Lakesto Atlantic Oceancheaper and faster than using wagonsmanufactured goods went West and farm goods went EastFulton – steam engine in boatsvery popular along the Mississippi & Ohio RiversMark Twain??1830 – 23 miles of railroad track in US1840 – 3000 miles of trackreplaced canals as the best methodof transporting people and goods
53 inventions telegraph – p. 255 cotton gin – p. 257 interchangeable parts – allowed for mass production on assembly linesexamples: musketsclocksproduction machines w/guages to insure that all parts are exactly the sameSamuel Morse, sent messages using electricity,messages delivered immediately, quickly adoptedby railroads and newspapers-separated seeds out of the cotton so that cotton was worth growinginvented by Eli Whitneymade large-scale production of cotton possible-increased the need for slave labor-”King Cotton”
54 summary (closure for today’s lesson) top ½ of paper, write a paragraph about what you see as transportation needs for the area you live in. What would you like to see, what would make your life easier?bottom ½ of the paper, complete these 3 summary activitieslist 2 inventionslist 2 transportation improvementsexplain urbanization
55 Name one way America acquired new land. Westward quizName one way America acquired new land.Name one country the US got new land from.What is manifest destiny?Who were Lewis, Clark and Pike?Why is the moving of Native Americans westward often called a “Trail of Tears”?