Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 7 Executive Branch-Purpose?. President of the United States  Qualifications:  35 years old  Native Born American Citizen (not defined)  Resident.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Executive Branch-Purpose?. President of the United States  Qualifications:  35 years old  Native Born American Citizen (not defined)  Resident."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Executive Branch-Purpose?

2 President of the United States  Qualifications:  35 years old  Native Born American Citizen (not defined)  Resident of the United States for 14 years

3 Voting for President  Process?  Total possible votes?  How many votes are needed to have a majority?  Who chooses the president if there is no majority?

4 Term in Office  How long is a president’s term?  What is the term limit?  Why?  Who set the precedent for the limit? Why was this important?  Maximum years in office?

5 Vice President  "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.”- John Adams  President of the Senate- Break Ties  Presidential Succession Act of 1947- VP is second in line  25 th Amendment-  If VP is removed, the President appoints new VP.  If President is incapacitated, how power is transferred to VP.

6 Constitutional Powers- Carry out laws  Veto Bills  Call congress into special session  Commander in Chief of Armed Services  Meet with foreign leaders  Make treaties (w/ Senate approval)  Appoint heads of agencies, federal judges, and ambassadors (w/ Senate approval)  Pardon and reduce penalties for people convicted of federal crimes

7 Roles of President  Chief Executive= “To take care that laws are faithfully executed.”  In charge of Presidential cabinet and the departments they represent to execute federal law.  Departments: Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Justice, Labor, State, Interior, Treasury, Transportation, and Veterans Affairs

8  Chief Diplomat  Directs foreign policy  Commander-in-Chief  Head of the military- highest military rank  Backs up foreign policy with military power  War Powers Resolution of 1973: President must notify Congress 48 hours before s/he sends troops into a conflict, and troops must begin to come home after 60 days without Congressional support (30 days to come home). Total of 90 days.  Head of State  Living symbol of our sovereignty (Constitution)- Representative of a nation to other nations.  Example: Monarch in England

9  Economic Leader  Plans the federal budget  Party Leader  Represents the highest position in his/her political party

10 Foreign Policy  A nation’s plan for how it will achieve goals with other nations- Goals: 1. National Security: essential to the function of government. 2. International Trade: Economic prosperity and influence over other nations. 3. Promote Peace (sometimes) 4. Promote Democracy (…sometimes)

11 Tools to achieve Foreign Policy 1. Treaties and Executive Agreements: Agreements between nations.  Example: NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization

12 2. Appointing Ambassadors 3. International Trade:  Trade Sanction: one country punishes another by cutting off trade. (Example: U.S. and Cuba)  Embargo: when a group of countries punishes another by cutting off trade. (Example: Iran. Why?)  Determine tariffs (taxes) on other countries or the creation of free trade. 4. Military Force

13  Foreign Aid

14 Advisors and Agencies  Executive Office of the President (EOP): Created by FDR to surround the president with his/her closest advisors in the White House.  OMB: Office of Management and Budget- helps to prepare the budget and monitor government agency’s spending.  NSC: National Security Council (VP, Secretary of State/Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff) Army, Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, and Air Force

15 BUREAUCRACY  Cabinet: Presidential advisors which lead the 15 different executive departments.  Bureaucracy: complex systems with many departments, many rules, and people in a chain of command.  Below the President are over 3 million employees which help to carry out federal law. 1. Manage day-to-day activities (collect taxes, patrol borders, airport safety…) 2. Regulate activities: FDA (Food and Drug Administration), FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)

16 What is in the bureaucracy?  Government Corporations- Run business, but not for a profit.  Post Office  Regulatory Boards and Commissions: Regulate and enforce certain rules on business and specified groups.  FCC (Federal Communications Commission)  Departments  Executive Agencies  CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and NASA

17 Government Workers 1. Political appointees: positions approved by the president 2. Civil service worker: national government employee who has position from administration to administration.  Spoils System: jobs given to political appointees for support or as a favor.  Pendleton Act (1883): placed a limit on political appointees to limit the corruption in Spoils system.  Merit system: best qualified receives employment (derived from civil service workers).

Download ppt "Chapter 7 Executive Branch-Purpose?. President of the United States  Qualifications:  35 years old  Native Born American Citizen (not defined)  Resident."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google