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US History II Chapter 26 – Cold War Conflicts Section 2 – The Cold War Heats Up.

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Presentation on theme: "US History II Chapter 26 – Cold War Conflicts Section 2 – The Cold War Heats Up."— Presentation transcript:

1 US History II Chapter 26 – Cold War Conflicts Section 2 – The Cold War Heats Up

2  Civil War in China – 1937 Japanese invade China – Chinese Communists and Nationals halt their civil war and join together against Japan. – Communists, lead by Mao Sedong in the North and Nationals, lead by Chiang Kai-shek in the South.

3  Fighting Breaks Out – Cooperation between Nationals and Communists ends as soon as Japan is defeated. – 1944-1947 – US plays peacekeeper between the two groups. – US officials fail to negotiate peace. US doesn’t send troops, but does send $2 million in military equipment and supplies to help Nationalists – May 1949- US can’t help Nationals win, Chang and his military leaders fled to Taiwan

4  America reacts to Communist takeover. – American public stunned that China is now Communist. – Truman attacked for not doing enough. Why wasn’t stopping Communism in China as important as stopping it in Europe? – Response was that internal forces in China prevented US from being any further help. Any more pushing by US would have led to a war US wasn’t ready to fight. – Some Americans say US government riddles with Communists agents and that is why Communists win in China.

5  Koreans Go to War – At end of WWII, Japan controlled Korea. The 38 th Parallel is an imaginary line that splits Korea in half. Industry in North, farming in South. These 2 regions could not come together and prosper. – Like Germany, 2 nations formed. – One Communist, one not. – 1948 the Republic of Korea, South Korea, established in the US zone in the south. Communist’s formed the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the Soviet zone in the North

6  North Korea attacks South Korea – June 25, 1950- North Korea invades South Korea. – Americans are alarmed. Fearful that another Asian country will fall to the Communists. – Truman ordered air and naval support for South Korea. Congress supported this decision. – June 27, 1950 UN Security Council vote for member nations to help South Korea. – Soviets were boycotting UN for not recognizing Communist China and could not veto the resolution.


8 – 16 nations sent 520,000 troops to help South Korea. – US General Douglas MacArthur put in command of combined UN and South Korea forces. General Douglas MacArthur

9  The Chinese fight back – The war went on for a long time, at one point the U.S. had pushed the North Koreans back into their zone but China backed North Korea and they pushed back into South Korea

10  MacArthur recommends attacking China – The war was at a stand still when MacArthur tried to persuade Truman to attack China. – Truman was sure that if we attacked China, a country that had a mutual assistance pact with the Soviet Union, there would be a World War III. So, he refused MacArthur.

11  MacArthur vs Truman – MacArthur kept pushing to convince Truman but eventually Truman fired him. – Americans were at first outraged, but backed Truman and his ideas about WWIII.

12  Settling for Stalemate – It was not until 1951 that surprisingly the Soviet Union called for a cease-fire. Truce talks began and both sides reached an agreement on two points: 1.1. the location of the cease-fire line 2.2. the establishment of a demilitarized zone between opposing sides.

13 – Finally, in 1953 the two sides signed an armistice ending the war. – The war affected many American people. 54,000 American lives were lost and the war cost $67 billion in expenditures. – This war also led to the rejection of the Democratic Party and the election of a Republican president Dwight Eisenhower. – The war also increased fear of communist aggression and prompted a hunt for Americans who might be blamed for the communist gains

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