Preparing Surfaces The goal Provide a surface to which the paint can make a strong, permanent bond The surface must be clean, smooth, and free of loose particles such as dust and old paint.
Preparing Surfaces Very little has to be done to new lumber Previously painted wood needs to be cleaned and/or flaked wood need to be sanded Fill all cracks, joints, crevices, and nail holes with wood putty, plastic wood, or caulking
Preparing Surfaces Any stains should be removed. Mildew is a black fungus-based stain that occurs in moist conditions. Wash the area with household bleach or TSP (trisodium phosphate) diluted in warm water.
Oil Based Paint A solvent-based paint used mainly as an exterior finish Cleaned up with turpentine, paint thinner, or a commercial brush cleaner
Latex Paints Water-based paints used as either an exterior or interior paint easy to apply quick drying good color retention water thinned convenient clean up with soap & water
Flat Finish Sometimes called an eggshell finish Can be washed occasionally Dries with little gloss
Semi-gloss Finish Moderate gloss Withstands wear and washes well Used for walls and ceilings in kitchens, bathrooms, and laundry rooms
Gloss Finish High priced paint Durable and washes well Brings out all defects in the surface Excellent coating