2 Citation APA style (American Psychological Association) Follow the author date method.Author’s last name and year of publicationE.g.(Oshima, 2006)Always capitalize the author’s name.
3 Text Citation Capitalize proper nouns Words that are four letter long or greater should be capitalized. Permanence and ChangeCapitalize words that are hyphenated: Natural-Born CyborgsCapitalize first word after dash or colon: Defining Film Rhetoric: The case of Hitchcock’s VertigoItalicize or underline longer works such as “Friends”, Wizard of Oz, The Lord of the Rings.Put Quotation marks around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles.
4 Short QuotationsIf you are quoting from a work, you need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference.According to Jones (1998), “Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it is their first time” (p.199).Jones (1998) found “students often had difficulty using APA style” (p.199).If the author is not named in the signal phrase, add the author’s last name, year of publication and page number in a parentheses after the quotation.She stated “ students often had difficulty using APA style” (Jones, 1998, p.199)
5 Long QuotationsPlace direct quotations longer than 40 words in a free-standing block of type written lines and omit quotation marks.Jones (1998) found the following;Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it’s their first time citing sources………………… students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help (p.199)
6 Summary or ParaphraseIf you are only paraphrasing just name the author and year.According to Jones(1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first time learners.APA is a difficult citation format for first time learners (Jones, 1998, p.199)
7 Two authorsResearch by Wegener & Petty (1994) claims that…(Wegener & Petty, 1994)Three or more authorsFirst time mentioned:(Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry & Harlow, 1993)Second time mentioned:(Kernis et al., 1993)Unknown authorAccording to the American Psychological Association (2000)…..First citation : (American Psychological Association [APA], 2000)Second citation: (APA, 2000)
8 Reference Single Author last name first followed by initials. Berndt, T.J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10Two AuthorsWegener, D.T., & Petty, R.E. (1994) Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66,
9 Article in magazineHenry, W.A., (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28-31Article in newspaperScultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. News Straits Times, pp. 1A, 2AOnline articleBernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retreived from