2 Where did they come from? The AmericasAsiaNorthern Europe (before the Civil War)English, Scots, Irish, Germans, Scandinavians
3 Where did they come from? Southern Europe, Eastern Europe (After the Civil War)E. European Jews/Southern Italians/Greeks Slavic peoples (Poles, Slovaks, Czechs, Croats, Serbs, Ukrainians, Russians, Armenians)
5 Why did they leave? Overpopulation Lack of jobs Government tyranny Crop failuresLand shortagesRising taxes and famineEscaping religious/political persecution
6 How did they get here? Steamships made of iron and steel 2-3 weeks to 1 week by 1900Operated on a schedule like railroadsCreated “birds of passage”-single male worker who came for a short time, earn money, and return home
7 SteamshipsMost immigrants traveled in Steerage (large open area beneath ship’s deck)Cheap faresLimited toilet facilities,no privacy, poor food
19 Sometimes immigrants were “quarantined” (isolated to prevent the spread of disease) Some were even deported due to serious diseases
20 Name?Occupation?Who paid your fare?Can you read or write?How much money do you have?Have you been to prison or in a poorhouse?Where are you going?Do you have a job already?
21 Many immigrants received new names Buchenroth=RothStefanopoulous= Stevens
22 Angel Island San Francisco Horrible conditions Processed through within weeks or months.
23 Angel Island Designed to enforce Chinese Exclusion Act Prohibited immigration of Chinese workers for 10 yrs.Prevented Chinese living in US from becoming citizensThought they were taking jobs of whites
28 Asian Immigrants Exclusion Act created labor shortages Hired more workers from Japan, Korea, & Philippines
29 Asian ImmigrantsSegregated Asian children in schools - TR ended this in 1906Gentlemen’s Agreement – Japan agreed not to allow workers into US. US agreed to let families of Japanese living in US to immigrate
40 City Growth Increase city pop. = creation of suburbs Suburb – residential communities surrounding the cities
41 Rise of Political Bosses Political Machine – unofficial city org. that kept a party / group in power.Headed by a single leader / “Boss”
42 Rise of Political Bosses Why does no one stop the Political boss?City government grows powerful to provide for people’s (immigrants) needsFire protection, transportation, etcExchange of favorsPoliticians offer jobs, contracts to immigrants for their support (votes)They helped poor people when gov’t or industry would not
43 Rise of Political Bosses Most Famous - William “Boss” TweedRan Tammany Hall - Democratic Party in NYCBrought down by Political Cartoonist – Thomas Nast