Cocaine Highly addictive stimulant drug obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. Two forms- powder which is snorted or injected into a vein OR purified form which is smoked
Crack The purified form of cocaine that produces a rapid and intense reaction People will feel effects quickly and effects will only last a few minutes. Side-effects last a very long time.
Cocaine affects the Mind and Body-additional effects Anxiety, restlessness, irritability and insomnia Depression Increased aggressiveness Paranoia and hallucinations Criminal behavior to support addiction Increased risk of hepatitis and HIV Heart attack, stroke, irregular Heart beat Convulsions, collapse or death
Amphetamines Chemically manufactured stimulants that are highly addictive. Swallowed, injected, smoked or inhaled.
Amphetamines affect on the mind and body Addiction Brain damage Psychotic behavior Hallucinations Insomnia Paranoia
Methamphetamines Highly addictive drugs in the amphetamine family. Their use produces effects similar to cocaine. Many methamphetamines are made in illegal laboratories. illegal laboratories Meth Labs are very dangerous!Labs
Meth’s affect on the Body Wakefulness Confusion Convulsions, Anxiety Paranoia Aggressiveness Potentially lethal increase or decrease of body temperature and death Damage to brain and blood vessels
Depressants Slow down the activity of the CNS Relax muscles, calm nerves, and cause sleepiness.
Depressants Two Types Sedatives: drugs that have a calming effect on behavior Hypnotics: drugs that promote drowsiness and sleep ALCOHOL: is a sedative-hypnotic drug
Sedatives Barbituates: have been prescribed by physicians to help people or to treat anxiety and high BP. The legal use is monitored by a doctor because they are SO ADDICTIVE!
Sedatives Tranquilizers: relax muscles and reduce anxiety. They are used to treat anxiety, insomnia, muscle spasms, panic attacks, and mental illness. In excessive doses, can cause depression, emotional disturbances, coma, and death
Sedatives Methaqualone (Qualludes): a potent tranquillizer that was once used to treat anxiety and insomnia. It was banned in the 1980’s from the U.S. because it was so addictive
Depressants- Date Rape Drug Depressants associated with their use in sexual assaults. Colorless, odorless, and tasteless Can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, seizures, coma and death
Date Rape Drugs Drug Slipping: placing a drug in someone’s food or beverage without that person’s knowledge, therefore making them vulnerable to physical or sexual assault. DRUG SLIPPING IS ILLEGAL!
Narcotics A group of drugs that slow down the CNS, cause drowsiness, and can be used as painkillers. Physicians use it to treat pain, relieve coughing, and cause numbness Drowsiness is a well-known side-effect
Narcotics Morphine: used to control pain. Tolerance and dependence develop quickly. Codeine: Pain killer produced from Morphine. Used in some cough syrups and pain relievers. Heroin: illegal narcotic derived from Morphine. No approved medical uses. Highly addictive and has serious side effects
Narcotic Side-effects Inability to concentrate Slow or troubled breathing Constriction of pupils Nausea Vomiting Overdose can lead to… Clammy skin Confusion Severe drowsiness Convulsions Coma
Narcotic Withdrawal Symptoms Severe Craving Anxiety Muscle pain Diarrhea Vomiting People who inject narcotics are at a high risk for contracting HIV and hepatitis, due to sharing contaminated needles.