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8 th Grade Illegal Drugs Stimulants, Depressants, and Narcotics.

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Presentation on theme: "8 th Grade Illegal Drugs Stimulants, Depressants, and Narcotics."— Presentation transcript:

1 8 th Grade Illegal Drugs Stimulants, Depressants, and Narcotics

2 Stimulants, Depressants and Narcotics Three different classifications of drugs Within each classification, there are different drugs

3 Controlled Drugs Controlled Drug: a drug whose possession, manufacture, distribution, and sale are controlled by law. Have very powerful effects on the body and mind Prescription is needed

4 Illegal Drugs Drug whose possession, manufacture, distribution and sale are against the law.

5 Stimulants Increases alertness and attention and raises Blood pressure, Heart rate and breathing rate.

6 Legal Stimulants Caffeine Over-the-counter Drugs Tolerance develops quickly Can cause health problems and lead to withdrawal

7 Illegal Stimulants Cocaine Crack Amphetamines Methamphetamines

8 Cocaine Highly addictive stimulant drug obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. Two forms- powder which is snorted or injected into a vein OR purified form which is smoked

9 Crack The purified form of cocaine that produces a rapid and intense reaction People will feel effects quickly and effects will only last a few minutes. Side-effects last a very long time.

10 Cocaine affects the Mind and Body-additional effects Anxiety, restlessness, irritability and insomnia Depression Increased aggressiveness Paranoia and hallucinations Criminal behavior to support addiction Increased risk of hepatitis and HIV Heart attack, stroke, irregular Heart beat Convulsions, collapse or death

11 Amphetamines Chemically manufactured stimulants that are highly addictive. Swallowed, injected, smoked or inhaled.

12 Amphetamines affect on the mind and body Addiction Brain damage Psychotic behavior Hallucinations Insomnia Paranoia

13 Methamphetamines Highly addictive drugs in the amphetamine family. Their use produces effects similar to cocaine. Many methamphetamines are made in illegal laboratories. illegal laboratories Meth Labs are very dangerous!Labs

14 Meth’s affect on the Body Wakefulness Confusion Convulsions, Anxiety Paranoia Aggressiveness Potentially lethal increase or decrease of body temperature and death Damage to brain and blood vessels

15 Deterioration of a Meth User


17 Depressants Slow down the activity of the CNS Relax muscles, calm nerves, and cause sleepiness.

18 Depressants Two Types Sedatives: drugs that have a calming effect on behavior Hypnotics: drugs that promote drowsiness and sleep ALCOHOL: is a sedative-hypnotic drug

19 Sedatives Barbituates: have been prescribed by physicians to help people or to treat anxiety and high BP. The legal use is monitored by a doctor because they are SO ADDICTIVE!

20 Sedatives Tranquilizers: relax muscles and reduce anxiety. They are used to treat anxiety, insomnia, muscle spasms, panic attacks, and mental illness. In excessive doses, can cause depression, emotional disturbances, coma, and death

21 Sedatives Methaqualone (Qualludes): a potent tranquillizer that was once used to treat anxiety and insomnia. It was banned in the 1980’s from the U.S. because it was so addictive

22 Depressants- Date Rape Drug Depressants associated with their use in sexual assaults. Colorless, odorless, and tasteless Can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, seizures, coma and death

23 Date Rape Drugs Drug Slipping: placing a drug in someone’s food or beverage without that person’s knowledge, therefore making them vulnerable to physical or sexual assault. DRUG SLIPPING IS ILLEGAL!

24 Narcotics A group of drugs that slow down the CNS, cause drowsiness, and can be used as painkillers. Physicians use it to treat pain, relieve coughing, and cause numbness Drowsiness is a well-known side-effect

25 Narcotics Morphine: used to control pain. Tolerance and dependence develop quickly. Codeine: Pain killer produced from Morphine. Used in some cough syrups and pain relievers. Heroin: illegal narcotic derived from Morphine. No approved medical uses. Highly addictive and has serious side effects

26 Narcotic Side-effects Inability to concentrate Slow or troubled breathing Constriction of pupils Nausea Vomiting Overdose can lead to… Clammy skin Confusion Severe drowsiness Convulsions Coma

27 Narcotic Withdrawal Symptoms Severe Craving Anxiety Muscle pain Diarrhea Vomiting People who inject narcotics are at a high risk for contracting HIV and hepatitis, due to sharing contaminated needles.

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