Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 Sections 1& 2. The Industrial Revolution Objective: To examine the growth in mid-19 century technology and the subsequent factory conditions."— Presentation transcript:
The Industrial Revolution Objective: To examine the growth in mid-19 century technology and the subsequent factory conditions.
The Industrial Revolution Gradually, machines took the place of many hand tools. Much of the power once provided by people and horses began to be replaced, first by flowing water and then by steam engines.
Steam Transport Fitch and Fulton The Age of Steamboats –Cheap means of moving goods –Move people
Revolution Takes Hold Mass Production Rapid manufacture of large numbers of identical objects Interchangeable Parts Identical pieces that could be assembled quickly by unskilled workers
The Effects of Factory Growth Factory workers often worked 15 hours or more a day. Child labor and injuries were common, and wages were low. (photo by Lewis Hine, 1908- 1912)
Some of the young knitters in London Hosiery Mills. London, Tenn. (photo by Lewis Hine, 1908- 1912)
How did workers fight against factory owners? By the 1830’s, workers began to form trade unions in order to fight for better working conditions. Union workers sometimes make their demands by going on strike.
Negatives Factories began to replace skilled workers, such as carpenters and shoemakers.
Section 2: The North Transformed Growth of Cities: –Urbanization-the growth of cities due to movement of people from rural areas to cities
The telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse in 1844. First Transcontinental Telegraph Line, 1860 S. F. B. Morse in 1844 Growth of Northern Industry
Those too poor to buy land stayed in east coast cities, such as New York.
Effects of Immigration Immigrants took available jobs in factories and mines, helping the economy. 1900 US photo miners in Hazleton, PA
Nativists tried to limit immigration, blaming immigrants for “stealing” jobs from native-born Americans and for being criminals. (above) New York Times want ad 1854
In the 1850’s, nativists formed the Know- Nothing Party. A cartoon from the 1850s by the "Know- Nothings" accusing the Irish and German immigrants of negatively affecting an election. Video Clip: Gangs of New York (2:00)
Cartoons depicted Irish immigrants as ape-like barbarians prone to lawlessness, laziness and drunkenness.