Presentation on theme: "Next steps Website – papers, emails, presentations Conference report Working papers and publication Finalisation of ODI/UNICEF overview and regional reports."— Presentation transcript:
Next steps Website – papers, emails, presentations Conference report Working papers and publication Finalisation of ODI/UNICEF overview and regional reports Development Policy Review Special Issue Advocacy – materials, partnerships, events Future conferences?
The economic slowdown is having heterogeneous but real impacts on children. The food and fuel price increases remain a major factor – and could be more significant in the long run. Children are at great risk, with some groups particularly vulnerable – a short crisis can have lifetime implications. Social protection and services have eased impacts where they have been in place. SP must become established – but there are institutional (and definitional) challenges. Basic social services should remain, at least, on their pre crisis path. Fiscal difficulties may be coming – but cuts in social provision must be avoided. – we should ask for what is needed. Looking toward the MDG review – the crisis underlines the need to include vulnerability. Empirical work crucial on the impacts of crises children and other vulnerable groups is shockingly unavailable – UNICEF could have a key role here. Some themes
Financial Crisis - General Exchange Rates Rising unemployment, under-employment, declining working conditions Declining investment in public services (education, health, nutrition, water and sanitation, housing, protection, care) Intra-household dynamics & household composition Child-specific vulnerabilities Deprivations of rights to survival, development, protection, participation Declining social capital; rising social violence Household management of assets and investments Household consumption (food and services, both quantity and quality) Household labour allocation Reproduction, nurture, and care Policy responses (Fiscal stimulus, trade policy, monetary policy, aid policy pre-existing and crisis-response investment in basic services, pre-existing social protection infrastructure and crisis-specific measures, labour policy) Protection (physical and emotional) & promotion of well-being Fiscal space Contribution to community life Political economy dynamics General regional and international macro- economic health Remittances Financial flows Trade and prices (commodities and services) Aid Dimensions of the macro- economic environment Functions of the household Reduced access to credit Civil society policy advocacy + service provision Policy responses Meso-level effects of the financial crisis General regional and international macro- economic health
Strategy Continue Raising the game re children: Economic crisis, poverty, MDGs, Aid, social protection Working with differences Leveraging donors/ governments/ MoF
Policy macro-economic policies ; Social protection/ Social services; labour and consumption; credit; social capital.......
Action Aid (outsourcing child rights expertise; cross donor working group on child rights) Crisis research; PRSP - Child rights toolkit Recovery With a Human Face
Safeguarding and progressing children’s rights Turning Crisis into Opportunity for Children – the Human Face of the Future
Recovery with a Human Face Five Actions at Country Level: Analyzing budgets for social and economic recovery Scaling up social protection Maintaining (if not increasing) core social expenditures Identifying sources of fiscal space Providing options to assist the government in a country dialogue on crisis responses