2 What does being healthy mean to you? Define HealthThe state of well-being in which all of the components of health-physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and environmental-are in balanceCompare your definition to Webster’sWhat does being healthy mean to you?
4 Components of HealthPhysical Health-refers to the way your body functionsEating right, exercise, free from diseases and sicknessEmotional Health-expressing your emotions in a positive, nondestructive waySocial Health-the quality of your relationships with your friends, family, and others.Occupational Health-Level of satisfaction with what you do, your productivity, the environment you work in, and your compensation.
5 Components cont.Mental Health-is the ability to recognize reality and cope with the demands of daily lifeStrongly influenced be emotional healthSpiritual Health-is maintaining harmonious relationships with other living things and having spiritual direction and purposeReligious beliefs or purpose in lifeValues: a strong belief or idealEnvironmental Health-is keeping your air and water clean, your food safe, and the land around you enjoyable and safe
6 Health in the Past: Infectious Diseases In the 1800’s and early 1900’s, the leading causes of death in the US were infectious diseasesInfectious diseases- diseases caused by pathogens, such as bacteriaCan be passes from one person to anotherEx: polio, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and the flu
7 Health Today: Lifestyle Diseases Advances in medicine, living conditions, etc. have put infectious diseases under controlToday, most health problems are related to our lifestyleLifestyle diseases -are caused by unhealthy behaviors and other factorsEx: diabetes, heart disease, types of cancer
8 Health Risk FactorsRisk Factor: is anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems.Ex:Family historyStress levelOverweight and obesitySmokingLack of exercise
9 Controllable Risk Factors Risk factors that you can do something aboutControlled by your behaviorPhysical activity, smoking, weight, diet
10 Uncontrollable Risk Factors Factors that are unable to be changedAge, race, gender, heredity
11 Six Health Risk Behaviors Sedentary Lifestyle -not taking part in physical activity on a regular basisAlcohol and other drug useCan cause liver disease, cancer, heart disease, and brain damageSexual ActivityBehaviors that cause injuryTobacco UsePoor Eating Habits
12 You can protect your health by focusing on controllable risk factors that you can change through your behavior.What behaviors should you focus on?Let’s take a look at the the leading causes of death for teens…
13 Leading Causes of Death Among Teens Motor vehicle accidents (33%)Homicide (16%)Suicide (12%)Other accidents (13%)Other causes (26%)
14 6 Components ReviewAs you can see, many of the components of health can be affected by the other components. One weak component can affect a person’s overall health, thus “balance” is included in the definition of health.Wellness-is the achievement of a person’s best in all 6 components of health.**Personal Health Assessment
15 Influences on your Wellness Hereditary InfluencesHeredity- traits you inherit from your parentsExamples?Social InfluencesThe relationships you have with other peopleAbstinence: stay away from/don’t engage inCultural InfluencesCulture-is the values, beliefs, and practices shared by people that have a common backgroundEnvironmental InfluencesYour surroundings
16 Taking Charge of Your Wellness 1. KnowledgeHealth Literacy-the knowledge of health information needed to make good choices about your health2. Lifestylebehavioral changes--there is a difference between knowledge and behavior3. Attitudeby changing your attitude, you can act in ways that work to make you a healthier person
17 Four Ways Society Addresses Health Problems Public Health is the practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a communityMedical AdvancesTechnologyPublic PolicyEducation
18 Public Service Announcement A message created to educate people about an issue.
19 Make a PSA In a small group: Create a message to educate people about an issueMake sure your info is accurateKnow your audience