Presentation on theme: "Articles of Confederation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Articles of Confederation Aim: How were governments organized after independence?
2 Articles of Confederation (1781 – 1787) First constitution (plan for government) of the United States.Created a loose union of thirteen republics.The states retained the most important powers.Each state had one vote in Congress.9 out of 13 states had to agree to any decision (bills to be passed).All 13 states would have to agree in order to amend the Articles.
3 Structure of Government Unicameral (single house) legislative bodyEach state had one vote regardless of population sizeCongress given sole authority to govern the countryAn executive committee oversaw government when Congress was not in sessionCongress would establish temporary courts to hear disputes among the states
4 Powers Granted to Government under the Articles of Confederation Declare war and make peaceMake treaties with foreign countriesEstablish an army and navyAppoint high-ranking military officialsRequisition, print, and borrow moneyEstablish weights and measuresHear disputes among the states related to trade or boundaries
5 Powers Denied to the Central Government CongressHad no executive power to enforce laws.Had no power to make laws.Had no power to tax, impose tariffs, or collect duties.Had no power to regulate trade and there was no uniform currency.No power to force states to honor obligationsHad no power to draft for war.CongressCould “recommend” laws.Could ask the states for money.Could ask the states to supply soldiers for the army.
6 Accomplishments Under the Articles of Confederation Victory over Britain in the Revolutionary War.Negotiated the Treaty of Paris with Britain in 1783Organization of the Western Lands.Established the Land Ordinance (1785) and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787Map of the land settled in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
7 Land Ordinance of 1785Divided the Northwest Territory into “townships” to be offered for sale.Each township consisted of 36 lots of 640 acres each.A lot was the smallest unit that could be bought and couldn’t be sold for less than $1 an acre.The proceeds from the sale of one lot in each township would be used for public education.
8 Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Provided a government for the Northwest Territory and admission to the United States.No less than 3 states and no more than 5 states would be created as soon as the population in an area reached 60,000.Each state would have a Bill of Rights.Slavery was forbidden.The new states would be equal to the original 13 states.Education was provided.
9 Problems Facing the New Nation Trade with foreign nationsFinancing the nationForeign relationsInterstate relationsYou decide!!!A 1783 cartoon satirizing relations between Britain and America
10 Annapolis Convention (1786) U.S. no longer the favorite trading partner of Great BritainU.S. exports to British ports had to be on British shipsMany U.S.-produced goods were barred from British portsBritain sent vast amounts of cheap goods to U.S.Potential RemedyEstablish a tariff on British goodsWeakness in Articles of Confederation preventing this solutionOriginally called to discuss British trade restrictions and the problems of inter-state trade.The delegates arranged to meet the next year to discuss revising the Articles of Confederation.
11 Shay’s Rebellion (1786)A revolt led by Daniel Shays, of the farmers in western Massachusetts against the state government.The farmers were protesting high taxes, underrepresentation in the state legislature and the foreclosure of their farms for debts.This showed the weakness of the national government and the need to change the Articles of Confederation