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Mrs. Schroerlucke with help from Roger Kaimien Music and Appreciation

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1 Mrs. Schroerlucke with help from Roger Kaimien Music and Appreciation
The Elements of Music Mrs. Schroerlucke with help from Roger Kaimien Music and Appreciation

2 What makes music? Sound is organized
Music is usually planned and predetermined Music contains several organizing principles Noise is not organized, it just happens Example of noise: everyone warming up on their own Analogy: What are the structural elements of a house?

3 What are some common elements of music?
sound Performing media rhythm Melody Harmony Key Texture Form style

4 Sound Pitch= highness or lowness of sound see. Oh. You. . Can. say.
Pitch changes with speed of vibration of a sound wave. The faster the vibration, the higher the pitch, the slower the vibration, the lower the pitch Each definite pitch is called a tone and has a specific frequency The distance in pitch between 2 notes is called an interval Question: How can you change the speed of vibration on an instrument?

5 Do re mi fa sol la ti do Sound
The octave is the interval between the first and last tones of the familiar scale used in Western music for centuries. Note: in non-western music (Asian and African continent) the octave may be divided into more tones Do re mi fa sol la ti do

6 Sound The distance between the lowest tone and the highest tone that one instrument can play is called the pitch range. Some instruments have bigger ranges than others. They can play more tones! For example a voice is about 1 ½ octaves while the piano can play 7 octaves!

7 Sound Loudness and softness in music. Composers traditionally use Italian words or their abbreviations to notate dynamics: Pianissimo pp very soft Piano p soft Mezzo piano mp medium soft Mezzo forte mf medium loud Forte f loud Fortissimo ff very loud Other symbols tell musicians to get louder or softer

8 Sound Tone color or timbre distinguishes one instrument from another. Words like bright, dark, brilliant, mellow and rich describe different instrument or vocal sounds. How would you compare the sound of the flute to the tuba?

9 Performing Media Strings: violin, cello, bass, viola, harp
Woodwinds: flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, sax Brass: trumpet, trombone, french horn, euphonium, tuba Percussion: drums, xylophone, timpani, cymbals, gongs, triangle, tambourine, claves and more…. Keyboard instruments: piano, harpsichord, organ, accordian Electronic: guitars, synthesizers, MIDI (musical instrument digital interface)

10 Rhythm Rhythm is comprised of beat, meter, tempo, accent and syncopation Beat= a regular, recurring pulsation. It can be strong or subtle. / / / / / / / / / / / / //// Jin gle Bells Jin gle Bells Jin gle all the way

11 Rhythm Combinations of different note lengths create rhythm. Some notes are long and some are short. S s s s s L Happy Birthday to You, What are the long and short notes in: Mary had a little lamb, little lamb, little lamb Mary had a little lam her fleece was white as snow…

12 Rhythm--Meter In music, some beats feel stronger or more stressed than others. This creates patterns of a strong beat + weaker beats. Duple meter: (While my guitar gently weeps- Beatles) Triple meter: (Crazier –Taylor Swift) Quadruple meter: (Come together-Beatles)

13 Rhythm- Tempo Tempo is the speed of the music. Again, Italian words are used to communicate how to play a piece of music. Largo Allegretto Grave Allegro Adagio Vivace Andante Presto Moderato Prestissimo

14 Melody “A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole. A melody begins, moves and ends. It has direction, shape and continuity. The up and down movement of pitches conveys tension and release, expectation and arrival.”Roger Kamien The melody is usually the tune, or the part that has the words in the song

15 Melody What are some melodies that you can think of ?

16 Harmony When singers accompany themselves on guitar, they add support, depth, and richness to the melody. This is called harmonizing. Harmony is the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other. A chord is a group of three of more tones sounded at once.

17 Harmony Some chords are stable and restful. We call these consonant.
Some chords are unstable and demand a motion to a more stable chord. These are called dissonant chords. Listen to these examples. Are these chords consant or dissonant?

18 Texture Texture describes 3 possibilities in music:
Monophonic: a single unaccompanied melody Polyphonic: Two melodies played at the same time of equal importance Homophonic: a Melody with accompaniment. Most popular music is homophonic. Listen to the examples and identify each texture.

19 Musical Form Form is the structure of a piece of music. It is like the architectural blueprint of a house! Some types of Form: (there are others) A B A (ternary or 3 part) A B (binary of 2 part) By using the principles of repetition and contrast, composers are able to expand upon these forms, creating mega-pieces!

20 Double Bubble Map Draw a double bubble map to compare to different songs or pieces of music. The circles should represent similarities and the other shapes should represent differences. Use the musical vocabulary your have learned in this presentation. meter melody melody 2 1

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