7 Context Clues Definition The atmosphere is the earth’s outer covering of air.DescriptionMary is a diligent student who studies constantly.ExampleThe lantern illuminated the cave walls so well that we could see spiders crawling all over them.ComparisonPeter is as lethargic as a bear hibernating in the winter.ContrastPaul is a pessimist, but Mary, his girlfriend, is always happy.
8 Recreational Reading (18 test items) These reading materials are those materials that one reads for pleasure.Suggested examples are: short stories, poems, fables, myths, legends, tall tales, novels, and plays.
9 Textual Reading (18 test items) This type of reading refers to the abilities required in order to be able to read grade-appropriate textbooks as well as other sources of information.Examples are charts, graphs, textual directions, word problems, and textbook reading other than literature.
10 Functional Reading (18 test items) This refers to the interpretation of material that is designed to help the reader make something, do something, or do something that has has a direct bearing on everyday activities.Examples are directions, assembly instructions, maps, tables, schedules, menus, and newspapers.
11 Before Reading Set the purpose. Motivate the students. Why are they reading?Motivate the students.How will I get them interested?Prior knowledge, visuals, challenge questionTeach/review needed vocabulary words.Phonics, structural analysis, definitions, graphic organizers
12 Before Reading Activities BrainstormingMake a webMake up own questionsSurvey/scanPredictUse map or visual
13 During Reading How will students read? Shared readingIndependent readingGuided readingReader response groupsWhat will students do as they read?What will I do as they read?Model, guide, listen
14 During Reading Activities Find answers to questionsWrite in journalFill in outlineAsk questionsAdd information to webTake notesRe-read when necessaryShare with small group/partnerRead small sections then discuss/summarizeLocate main idea and details in paragraphsListen to audio taped version
15 After Reading What related activities will I provide? How will I evaluate what students have learned?Performance assessmentsAssessments through personal communicationStandard assessments
16 After Reading Activities RetellDebatePanel discussionDramatizationOral presentationWebbingResearch related topicJournal writingPen pal writingInterviewRespond in groupsIllustrateCurrent eventsReteach
17 Assessment Guide Main idea Context clues Reading for details Sequence Selection mainly tells…, Best title?, another title might be…Context cluesReading for detailsSequenceDrawing a conclusionFrom this selection you can tell…, the selection suggests that…, the selection is a description of…, you can conclude that…, ___ happened because ____, inference, analogies
19 Strategies to Extend Thinking Wait timeThink-pair-shareWithhold judgmentAsk for summarySurvey the classDiscussionDevil’s advocateThink aloudCall on students randomlyStudent questionsCue responses
20 Questioning In the book In my head Right there Think and search Author and meOn my own
21 Discussion Guided discussion Reflective discussion Teacher asks questions, probes student responses to clarify and extend, and provides information to focus discussion.Reflective discussionStudents engage in critical and creative thinking to solve problems, clarify values, explore controversial issues, and defend positions.
22 Jigsaw GroupsStudents become experts about a certain aspect of the reading material. Teams are formed and each student must teach other members of the team about his/her topic. Students must learn the information presented by other group members.