Marching Towards War Military buildup Nationalistic feelings Rival Alliances Lead to war
Rising Tensions in Europe Rise of Nationalism Peace in late 1800s but there are some problems. Nationalism leading to competition Nationalism in Balkans leads to groups wanting independence Imperialism and Militarism Competition in imperialism creates mistrust between European nations. Competition and mistrust leads to an arms race Militarism-policy of glorifying military power and preparing army.
Discuss these questions with the person next to you and be prepared to share with the class. If your friend had a problem with someone else, would you back them up? Why or why not? Would the other person's friends back them up? What would eventually happen?
Tangled Alliances Bismarck makes early agreements Germany wants to keep peace Bismarck thinks that France wants revenge for loss in Franco- Prussian War Makes alliances to isolate France Signs treaty with Russia in 1881 Forms Triple Alliance-Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy in 1881
Tangled Alliances Alliances threaten peace Kaiser Wilhelm II becomes German Ruler in 1888. Foreign policy changes with new ruler Alliance with Russia is dropped and Russia Allies with France Germany starts to strengthen navy Britain, France, Russia form Triple Entente alliance in 1907.
Crisis in The Balkans Groups in the Balkans win independence during 1900s Serbia becomes new nation made up of Slavs Austria –Hungary annexes Slavic region-Bosnia and Herzegovina (1908) Makes Serbia upset because they see themselves as ruler of these lands.
Crisis in the Balkans A shot rings throughout Europe June 28 th 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie visit Sarajevo in Bosnia. Serbian rebel kills Franz Ferdinand. Austria declares war on Serbia, Russia comes to aid of Serbia.
Assassination The couple was shot by Gavrilo Princip, Serbian Nationalist and member of the Black Hand- terrorist organization
Ultimatum Austria delivers an ultimatum with demands to Serbia. Serbia agreed to most of the demands. Austria Rejects Serbia’s offer and declared war on Serbia. Russia mobilizes its forces to protect Serbia.
M.A.I.N. Causes of WWI Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism
Background - Beginning of World War One * Inquiry - Review the locations of nations belonging to the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente. What problem did Germany face if war broke out in 1914? * Define: Mobilization/Standing Army
http://www.biography.com/people/franz-ferdinand- 9300680/videos Franz Ferndinand