Presentation on theme: "Tuesday, May 8, 2012 --- Warm Up 1.What is “free speech” and how is it a cornerstone of any democracy? 1.What are the limits of “free speech?”"— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday, May 8, 2012 --- Warm Up 1.What is “free speech” and how is it a cornerstone of any democracy? 1.What are the limits of “free speech?”
History of the Bill of Rights An amendment is a change to the U.S. Constitution to reflect changing times. There are 27 amendments. The author was James Madison. The first ten amendments form the Bill of Rights. The first ten amendments were ratified in 1791. The Bill of Rights protects the rights of all citizens, residents and visitors in the U.S.
The First Amendment: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the Free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
The First Amendment includes 5 rights: 1.Freedom of Speech 2.Freedom of Religion 3.Freedom of the Press 4.Freedom of Assembly 5.Right to Petition the Government
First Amendment 1. Freedom of Religion Two Clauses: Establishment Clause (No state religion.) Free Exercise clause (Free to practice your own religion.)
Establishment Clause: The government cannot promote or establish a state religion.
Establishment Clause: You Can You Cannot Teach the history and culture of a religion in public school Allow individual private prayer in public school. Transport students to a religious school after public school. Paid for privately not w/public $ Set a state religion Teach religious beliefs or theology in public school Pay seminary teachers with public $ Teach creationism Lead a group prayer in public school.
Free Exercise clause to practice a religion: Free Exercise clause to practice a religion: You Can You Cannot Choose a religion Pray in a house of worship and worship how you want. Ask basic questions about religions in school. Allow religious dress in public schools Break the law and claim it is a religious belief Raise children without an education – keep at home. Deprive children of basic needs (like medicine) claiming it’s because of religious beliefs. Distribute flyers about a church or temple youth group program at school.
Free to practice but not promote religion in public settings: Question: In public schools, can students ask to lead an entire class in prayer before a test? Why or why not? Answer: No, in public Settings there is separation of church (religion) and State. But, a student can say a silent prayer.
First Amendment 2. Freedom of Speech “Congress shall make no laws abridging (deprive) freedom of speech.”
In Free Speech Individuals Can… Say any political belief Display symbolic speech expressing an opinion. (an armband or t-shirt w/a message.) Protest (without getting out of control) Say things about someone that are true Burn the American flag Say racist and hate slogans Free speech means someone might say something you disagree with.
Limits Limits of Free Speech You may not: Threaten national security Speak obscenities in public Yell fighting words Commit hate crimes Make incitements to violence Make incitements to overthrow the government Create too much social chaos In school, disrupt in an unsafe/disrespectful way
First Amendment 3. Freedom of the press “Congress shall make no Law abridging (limiting) the freedom of the press.”
Freedom of the Press means… You Can You Cannot Print any political position Make fun of people, especially politicians Expose wrongs by the government Write ideas others may disagree with DO’s: Ethics, fact-check, accuracy, fairness, truth and give the full context. Libel; intentionally injuring a person’s reputation by false facts Disclose defense-security secrets Detail how to make a certain weapons DON’Ts: Sloppy reporting, plagiarism, bias, conflict of interest, poor judgment, deception.
First Amendment 4. Freedom of Assembly “Congress shall make no law respecting the right of the people to peaceably to assemble.”
Freedom of Assembly You Can You Cannot Protest Parade (with a permit) Parade chanting hate slogans Gang members can congregate in public Protest by throwing rocks and breaking windows Hang out on private land against owners will---loitering Violate Teen curfew
First Amendment 5. Petition the Government Citizens can write letters to elected officials to protest government actions. Individuals may sue the government for wrongs Individuals can’t be punished for exposing wrongs by the government The courts decide the wrongs “Congress shall make no law respecting the right of the people to petition the government.”