Presentation on theme: "Migration – Forced and Voluntary 11/16 Bell-ringer: What are 3 examples of “forced” migration? What are 3 examples of “voluntary” migration? What is the."— Presentation transcript:
Migration – Forced and Voluntary 11/16 Bell-ringer: What are 3 examples of “forced” migration? What are 3 examples of “voluntary” migration? What is the difference?
Forced Migration Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate Examples: African Slave Trade; Native Americans out of the East (Trail of Tears); Palestinians out of Palestine; Vietnamese Boat People; Irish Potato Famine
Palestinians forced off their land – 1948 “Al Nakba”
“Boat People” People who fled Vietnam after the Vietnam War by boat. However, people fleeing islands in the Caribbean and S.E. Asia (places where there are a lot of islands) are often called “boat people”
Picture of Native Americans forced West by Andrew Jackson’s soldiers
Refugee (an officially recognized term) A person who flees across an international boundary because of a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Asylum Seeker: A person who wants to be recognized as a refugee in the country s/he is going, so that s/he can legally migrate to that country.
Sub-Saharan Africa (Rwanda) North Africa and Southwest Asia (Sudan & Somalia, Afghanistan) South Asia (India, Sri Lanka) Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam) Europe (Former Soviet Countries) Regions of Dislocation – (Displaced Persons) What regions generate the most refugees?
UN reports 24 million refugees worldwide International refugees cross one or more borders and are encamped in a country not their own. Intranational refugees abandon their homes, but not their countries-this is the largest number world wide. – Also known as (IDP – Internally Displaced Refugees)
What do you notice about the source of refugees and the direction/distance they migrate?
Palestinian Refugees The circles are refugee camps
Voluntary Migration Human migration flows in which the movers respond to perceived opportunity, not force. – New Jobs – More freedom
Kinds of Voluntary Migration Step Migration – When a migrant follows a path of a series of stages, or steps toward a final destination. * intervening opportunity –at one of the steps along the path, pull factors encourage the migrant to settle there. Chain Migration – When a migrant communicates to family and friends at home, encouraging further migration along the same path, along kinship links.
Examples of Chain Migration in the US 66.5% of Cubans settle in Miami area 33% of Salvadorans in LA area; 16% in Washington DC; another 15% in NYC area. Haitians in S. Florida and NYC Chinese in CA and NYC area Dominicans in S. Florida and NYC area Vietnamese in CA, Washington, DC, NY Bosnians in Washington, DC., St. Louis, and Phoenix Chicago has more Polish people than any other place except Warsaw, Poland.
Homework Reflection What do you think is the difference between economic migrants and refugees? Explain FINISH FRQ!