Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13, Section 1: Pages 310-317 Ancient Greece."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 13, Section 1: Pages 310-317 Ancient Greece
The Greeks were the earliest people to use voting, over 2500 years ago.
Greek City-States Political units made up a city and it’s surrounding lands In the middle of the city-state/fortress or hill called an acropolis (included temples and other public buildings City-states were surrounded by high walls 2 city states: Athens and Sparta People considered themselves Members of their city-state, not Greeks Athens V.S. Sparta (brains versus brawn)
Greek Colonies Outposts of some city-states Now modern cities; Naples, Italy and Marseille, France Traded goods and shared ideas
The Golden Age of Greece (500-300BCE) A period of great achievement in Greece. A time of great philosophers, writers, scientists and artists.
Growth in Greek Power City-states banded together to fight off enemies of Greece. Around 500 BCE, Persia (powerful empire in central Asia) invaded Greece. Persian army was huge and well trained. Greeks, led by Athens, defeated Persian army. 10 years later, Persia invaded again and was again defeated.
Athenian Culture Pericles, an Athenian leader in the 400s BCE, encouraged creation of great works Ex: The Parthenon temple
Athenian Democracy IN 6.2.2 Leaders like Pericles were elected Power was in the hands of the people Ideas were presented to the assembly – A group of free men who took part in the decision making. – Ideas were often argued and debated publicly. This was the world’s first democracy which all others were modeled.
Architecture and Art Temples, buildings and sculptures done in marble Statues were created to look realistic and lifelike.
Science, Philosophy, and Literature Scientists studied biology and medicine. Greek scholars made great advancements in math and astronomy. Philosophers, or thinkers wanted to figure out what made people happy -Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Greeks were writers of great stories, poems and plays.
Decline of the City-States War between rivals: Sparta and Athens -went on for years, Sparta won -destroyed several city-states in Greece -thousands of people killed -weakened Greek civilization Alexander The Great -Allowed a foreign conqueror to invade and take over Greece. Alexander The Great
Alexander’s Conquests The Empire of Alexander Conquered Greece in 330s BCE From Macedonia Unified Greece under a single ruler for the first time. Spread of Greek Culture Alexander would conquer lands and encourage Greeks to move there Built cities throughout his empire; Alexandria Greek culture spread and blended with other cultures Hellenistic-meaning “Greek-like” 336 BCE invaded and conquered all of Greece 334 BCE after conquering Greece, set out to create a huge empire Extended his empire to central Asia and Egypt 325 BCE died at the age of 33 of an illness