5 DANVA 2 DescriptionPURPOSE: To measure a person’s competence in affect recognition by reading facial expressions and voice tones.Includes 4 subtests:(1) Child Faces 2; (2) Adult faces 2(3) Child Paralanguage 2; (4) Adult Paralanguage 2Four basic emotions are included:happiness, sadness, anger, fearTwo levels of emotional intensity are included:High & Low.Both males and females are included in all subtest stimuli.
6 DANVA 2 - Child Faces 2 Test Construction: Includes 24 photographs of child facial expressionsInternal Consistency:coefficent alpha ranged from .69 to .81 with a modal alpha of .76 across 10 studies with children aged 4 – 16.Test-Retest Reliability:r = .74, n = 84, for 3rd grade children.
7 DANVA 2 - Child Faces 2 Discriminative Validity: DANVA2-CF scores have not been found to be related to IQ scores or tests of general cognitive ability in a number of studies.Criterion-Related Validity:Lower accuracy scores were significantly correlated with lower social competence in elementary students.Lower scores in elementary students are associated with greater external control expectancies, greater depression in boys, lower self-esteem in girls, difficulties with teachers, and psychopathy in boys.
11 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest Clients are given 4 seconds to view each photo, which then disappears. Then, they choose the emotion they think the picture shows. Once ready, they click the next button.What is the emotion?
12 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?
13 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?
14 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?
15 “I’m going out of the room now, Paralanguage Subtest“I’m going out of the room now,but I’ll be back later.”
24 CASE Study: Eron Profile: Age 7 – 11 profile: Processing Speed (79) and Perceptual Reasoning (61) > Verbal Comprehension (27) and Auditory Working Memory (21)5 out of 12 atypical indices on the CPT-IIPossible DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of ADHD-NOSReferred because of playground aggression, and difficulty understanding his emotions & those of others. Noncompliant during counselling efforts.
27 Incorrect Interpretation CASE Study: EronADULT FACES:EmotionPresentedIncorrect Interpretation%of ErrorsHappysad7--Sadangry27Angryhappy2013Fearful
28 Incorrect Interpretation CASE Study: EronCHILD FACES:EmotionPresentedIncorrect Interpretation%of ErrorsIncorrectInterpretationHappy--Sadhappy18AngryfearfulFearfulsadangry9
29 Social Perception Battery NEPSY-IISocial Perception Battery
30 NEPSY-II Description This assesses two main areas: 1. Affect Recognition:discriminating happy, sad, anger, fear, disgust, and neutral from children’s facial expressions2. Theory of Mind:inferring others’ perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relating emotions to the social context
31 NEPSY-II Social Perception Reliability:Internal Consistency:Ages 7-12 = .87 for Affect Recognition; none reported for Theory of Mind in this age group.Test-Retest:Ages 7:0-8:11 = .60 for Affect RecognitionValidity:Concurrent:AR Total with WISC-IV Comprehension = .30AR Total with WNV Picture Arrangement = .05AR Total with DSMD Conduct Problems = -.45Clinical Groups:AR Total sig. differentiated Autism from control group (1.19), but not Asperger’s individuals from control group (.19).
34 CASE Study: Eron Affect Recognition: NEPSY-II Social PerceptionAffect Recognition:When trying to discriminate happy, sad, anger, fear, discussed, and neutral from children’s facial expressions, he obtained a scaled score of 4, at the 2nd percentile.Interpreted fear as happiness (6th – 10th %ile)Theory of Mind:When trying to infer others’ perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relate emotions to social context, Eron obtained a score within the Average range (51-75 %ile).
35 CASE Study: Eron Recommendations: Eron should receive individual counselling to improve his ability to identify facial expressions of various emotions in children and adults. Start with teaching him to correctly identify the facial expressions of anger and fear.A useful tool for teaching affect recognition is a DVD program called ‘Mind Reading.’ The DVD consists of 3 areas: (1) the Emotions Library, (2) The Learning Center, and (3) the Games Zone. Using the software, you can explore up to 412 emotions, seeing and hearing each one performed by six different people, including children and adults of both gender.Adults working with Eron should always verbalize how they feel, and not communicate through facial expression alone. He may misperceive adult facial expressions of happy, sad, and angry.