8 Misplaced ModifierA MODIFIER is an ADJECTIVE or ADVERB, and can be written in the form of words, phrases, verbals, or clauses.Sometimes modifiers can be MISPLACED. This doesn’t mean they are lost, but the meaning of the sentence might be lost.We know a MODIFIER is MISPLACED if we can’t tell what the modifiers are modifying.
9 Misplaced ModifierIf a MODIFIER placement doesn’t make it clear what it MODIFIERS, the sentence may be misunderstood.To correct misplaced MODIFIERS, move the modifying word or phrase so that it appears directly BEFORE or AFTER the word it modifies.
10 Misplaced Modifier Example 1: I played with my pet dog in my Sunday suit.What is wrong with this sentence?
11 Misplaced ModifiersCommon ADVERBS that are MISPLACED are only, almost, just, even, merely, and scarcely.Example 2: Look at the following sentences to see how the position of just affects the meaning of the sentence.Just the boys thanked the coach.Meaning:The boys just thanked the coach.Meaning: The boys did nothing else but thank the coach.The boys thanked just the coach.
12 Practice 1The messenger spoke to the receptionist who delivered the package. _________________The golfer won the trophy wearing green golf shoes. _________________Our desire grew smaller to win the prize. _________________Reaching the menu, Hugh decided to have the steak again. _________________Finishing the dishes, we were ready to relax. _________________The kitten drank the milk that was hungry. _________________I hurried to open the gift happily surprised. _________________Sailing into port, my grandfather stood at the wheel of his beautiful new boat. _________Soaring gracefully over the treetops, I watched the hawk disappear from view. ________Badly frightened, the puppy cowered under the porch. _________________
13 Complete Practice 2 & 3 with a partner! Misplaced ModifiersComplete Practice 2 & 3 with a partner!
15 Dangling ModifiersA dangling modifier IS A MODIFIER WITH NOTHING TO MODIFY.To fix this problem, YOU MUST ADD SOMETHING NEW SO IT WILL HAVE SOMETHING TO MODIFY.ExampleGiving a party, several balloons were blown up.The modifier should describe whoever gave the party, but no word in the sentence identifies the party giver.Correct: Giving a party, they blew up several balloons.