Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Psychological Disorders

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Psychological Disorders"— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychological Disorders
Classification of Psychological Disorders Free Powerpoint Templates

2 The Medical Model Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease Brings improvement to the treatment process Patients are viewed with more sympathy Less ostracized & feared

3 What Does it Mean to be “Abnormal”?
First, can you define normal? 3 Criteria 1. Deviance Behavior not accepted by society 2. Maladaptive Behavior Impairment of every- day adaptive behavior 3. Personal Distress Depression, anxiety or feelings of hopelessness

4 Psychodiagnosis Classification of Disorders 1952 – APA unveils the DSM
(Diagnostic & Statistical Manual) 1980 – DSM III introduces multiaxial system of classification 1994 – DSM – IV (current version) released Identifies 3 times as many disorders as the 1st edition

5 The Future? DSM 5 - will be released in May 2013 Major Changes
Mental Retardation = Intellectual disability Substance-Abuse = Addiction & Related Disorders Behavior Addictions – gambling, Internet (maybe) Aspergers’s is officially added to Autism Spectrum Addition of Hypersexual Disorder, Binge-Eating Disorder, Hoarding Disorder & PMDD Dimensional Assessments Many revisions for Personality Disorders New Suicide Assessment Tool

6 Multiaxial System of Classification Diagnosis takes place on Axis I & II ONLY!
Axis I – Clinical Syndromes Infancy, Childhood & Adolescence Disorders Organic Mental Disorders Substance-Related Disorders Schizophrenia & other psychotic disorders Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Sexual & Gender-Identity Disorders Eating Disorders

7 Axis II - Personality Disorders & Mental Retardation
life-long problems accompanied by considerable social stigma suffered by people who often fail to adapt well to society Axis III – General Medical Conditions is for reporting current general medical conditions that are potentially relevant to the understanding or management of the individual's mental disorder. Axis IV – Psychosocial & Environmental Problems for reporting psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders A psycho­social, an environmental difficulty or deficiency, a familial or other interpersonal stress, an inadequacy of social support or personal resources

8 Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning Scale
reporting the clinician’s judgment of the individual’s overall level of functioning. information is useful in planning treatment and measuring its impact, and in predicting outcome Scores range from 1 (persistent danger of severely hurting self or others) to 100 (superior functioning in a wide range of activities).

9 Other Important Information
Epidemiology the study of the distribution and patterns of health-events, health-characteristics and their causes or influences in well-defined populations. Prevalence The breakdown & percentage of a disease/disorder within a population Gender Age Ethnicity Geographic borders

Download ppt "Psychological Disorders"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google