2 Fitts & Posner (1967) STAGES OF LEARNING There are three main stages we go through as we learn a complex skillCognitive – finding outAssociative - practicingAutonomous - automaticRead Pg and answer questions
3 COGNITIVE During this phase the learner finds out what to do Identify subroutinesLearn sequencePhase is characterised by lots of errorsA lot of specific feedback is required
4 ASSOCIATIVEThis is the practise phase after having received and understood information about performing skillAmount of practise will depend on complexity of skill, ability, past experience and motivationAs you refine skills you make fewer and fewer errorsSome performers struggle and remain within this stage for years and may never reach autonomous phase
5 AUTONOMOUSThis is the automatic phase where skill becomes easy to accomplishSkill is now organised so movement can be performed without thinking about individual elementsSkill can now just be part of overall game or can become a subroutine for even more complex skill
6 Schmidt – Schema Theory Recall SchemaInitial ConditionSkill AimsResponsesInformation regarding how the player is feeling, and the environment they are working in, eg -Information regarding the objective of the actionIn order to achieve the goal/objective, information is required regarding …….
7 Training Application Go back through your training sessions and: Identify the stage of learning you were at.Explain how and why this affected the planning of your sessionExplain how and why this affected your training while your were actually in the pool.