Presentation on theme: "Communicable Diseases"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communicable Diseases Chapter 18Communicable DiseasesLesson 1Preventing the Spread of DiseaseClick for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 18 AssessmentTeacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.Next >>
2 Any condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body and mind diseasecommunicable diseaseA disease that can be passed to a person from another person, animal, or objectDisease-causing organisms that are so small they can only be seen through a microscopepathogensClick to reveal the definitions.A condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harminfection
3 The smallest pathogens virusesThe smallest pathogensbacteriaTiny one-celled organismsOrganisms that are more complex than bacteria, but cannot make their own foodfungiClick to reveal the definitions.One-celled organisms that are more complex than bacteriaprotozoa
4 An organism, such as an insect, that transmits pathogens vector hygieneCleanlinessClick to reveal the definitions.
5 In this lesson, you will learn to name some causes of communicable disease.explain how germs are spread.describe how to protect yourself against pathogens.
6 Preventing the Spread of Pathogens Organizing InformationCreate a table like the one shown below. As you read, describe how pathogens spread in the first column. In the second column, describe ways you can prevent spreading pathogens.PathogensHow Pathogens SpreadPreventing the Spread of Pathogens
7 A cold is one kind of disease. Common DiseasesA cold is one kind of disease.disease Any condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body or mindA cold is a communicable disease.communicable disease A disease that can be passed to a person from another person, animal, or object
8 Pathogens are also known as germs. Common DiseasesPathogens are also known as germs.pathogens Disease-causing organisms that are so small they can only be seen through a microscopeGerms can cause an infection.infection A condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harm
9 Viruses cause common diseases, such as colds and the flu. Types of PathogensViruses cause common diseases, such as colds and the flu.viruses The smallest pathogensMost viral infections cannot be treated and cured with antibiotics.
10 Bacteria that live in your digestive tract help you digest food. Types of PathogensBacteria that live in your digestive tract help you digest food.bacteria Tiny one-celled organismsHarmful bacteria can cause diseases such as strep throat and pneumonia.Most bacterial infections can be treated can cured with antibiotics.Other bacteria are harmful.
11 Fungi are primitive life forms that feed on organic materials. Types of PathogensFungi are primitive life forms that feed on organic materials.fungi Organisms that are more complex than bacteria, but cannot make their own foodFungi cause ringworm and athlete's foot.
12 Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoa that can live in mosquitoes. Types of PathogensMalaria is a disease caused by a protozoa that can live in mosquitoes.protozoa One-celled organisms that are more complex than bacteriaIf an infected mosquito bites a person, the protozoa transfers into the body through the skin.
14 How Do Pathogens Spread? Direct contact with othersIndirect contact with othersContact with contaminated food and waterContact with animals or insectsDirect contact with others:You can pick up a virus or bacteria by shaking hands with or kissing an infected person. Some pathogens are spread through sexual contact.Indirect contact with others:Pathogens can enter your body by sharing drinking glasses or eating utensils with an infected person.Pathogens can also be spread by contaminated needles used for tattoos, body piercings, and drug injection.Contact with contaminated food and water:Food that is improperly stored or undercooked provide an environment where pathogens can multiply.Illnesses people get from pathogens in food are called food borne illnesses.Contact with animals or insects:The bite of a tick can spread the virus that causes Lyme disease. Mosquitoes infected with the West Nile virus can spread that virus to birds, horses, and humans through their saliva.
15 How Do Pathogens Spread? A pathogen-carrying mosquito is an example of a vector.vector An organism, such as an insect, that transmits pathogens
16 How to Keep Pathogens from Spreading Practicing good personal hygiene is a good way to keep pathogens from spreading.hygiene Cleanliness
17 How to Keep Pathogens from Spreading Eat nutritious foods and get enough physical activity and rest.Avoid close contact with people infected with a communicable disease, especially if they are still contagious.Never share eating or drinking utensils.
18 How to Keep Pathogens from Spreading Do not share toothbrushes or other personal hygiene items.Wash your hands thoroughly in warm, soapy water.Wash your hands thoroughly especially before eating and after using the bathroom, playing with pets, or handling garbage.Avoid touching your mouth, nose, and eyes. Do not bite your nails.
19 How to Keep Pathogens from Spreading Handle and prepare food safely, especially poultry and fish. Wash vegetables and cook meat thoroughly.Wipe counters thoroughly with a clean sponge or cloth. Replace sponges and cloths often.If sponges and cloths are dirty or overused, the can spread more germs than they remove.Keep your environment clean. Empty trash frequently and keep trash cans clean.
20 Helping Others Stay Healthy If you are ill, stay home from school and other public places. Avoid contact with others.When you sneeze, cover your mouth and nose, and turn your head away from others. Wash your hands right away.Do not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, toothbrushes, or other personal items.
21 Helping Others Stay Healthy If a health care professional prescribes medicine for you, follow the directions exactly. Take medicines as prescribed.Prepare and store food safely. Wash your hands before handling food.
22 What I Learned Vocabulary Define infection. Use it in a sentence. Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedVocabulary Define infection. Use it in a sentence.An infection is when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harm.
23 What I Learned Identify What is a communicable disease? Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedIdentify What is a communicable disease?A communicable disease is a disease that can be passed to a person from another person, animal, or object.
24 Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedGive Examples What are four types of pathogens? Give an example of a disease caused by each kind.viruses, colds; bacteria, strep throat; fungi, athlete's foot; protozoa, malaria
25 Lesson 1 ReviewWhat I LearnedDescribe What are some ways that pathogens can be spread by indirect contact?Sharing drinking glasses, eating utensils, contaminated needles can spread disease.
26 Lesson 1 ReviewThinking CriticallyAnalyze Why do you think it is important for teens to practice good personal hygiene?Sample answer: Practicing good personal hygiene helps prevent the spread of diseases.
27 Lesson 1 ReviewThinking CriticallyApply Brendan is coughing and sneezing at school. What should Brendan do to help prevent the spread of pathogens? Explain your answer.Sample answer: Good advice for Brendan would be to cover his nose and mouth when he coughs and sneezes because that prevents the spread of the cold.
28 Communicable Diseases End ofChapter 18Communicable DiseasesLesson 1Preventing the Spread of DiseaseClick for:>> Main Menu>> Chapter 18 Assessment