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Objective of the day: To understand how to measure using a graduated cylinder, triple beam balance and a ruler

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Daily Question # 1 What is the volume measurement in the following diagram?

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Back to the Basics

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Science Lab Equipment

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Graduated Cylinder Measure about 26.1 mL

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d) e) f) 5.3 g) 32.0 h) 3.5 i) 47.0

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Scale Weigh the object

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1) ) )

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**Ruler Measure the length of the object**

If extra time have groups check each other’s measurements

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SI Units International System of Units (SI)

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Metric Prefixes King Henry Died One December Cold Morning OR King Henry Died DRINKING Chocolate Milk , STAIR STEPS?

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BIGGER SMALLER Show them the King Henry….then show them how to more from the left to the right…

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**1000 k BIG 100 h 10 dk 1 .1 d .01 c .001 m SMALL BASE (m, g, L) kilo**

hecto 10 dk deca 1 BASE (m, g, L) .1 d deci .01 c centi .001 m milli SMALL

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**How do you convert between metric units?**

Determine whether you are going up the ladder or down the ladder. If you go up, move the decimal to the left. If you go down, move the decimal to the right. Use the ladder to determine how many places to move the decimal. The number of steps on the ladder is equal to the number of decimal places. Write the correct units with your answer.

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**Practice Problems 1. 0.7834 mg = ____________ g**

cm = ______________ m 3. 345,000 kg = ____________ g mm = _______________ hm cg = ________________ mg km = _______________ cm

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**Scientific Notation Method of writing very small or very large numbers**

A positive exponent means the decimal moved to the left. A negative exponent means the decimal moved to the right

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Scientific Notation 602,200,000,000,000,000,000,000 = ? Step 1: Make the Coefficient less than 10 and more than 1. Step 2: Find out how many places over the decimal has to move to give you the number in step 1.

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**Scientific Notation 5,300,000 = ? 4,302,000,000 = ? -24,500 = ?**

= ? = ?

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**Scientific Notation 5.3 x 104 = ? 7.02 x 108 = ? -3.21 x 103 = ?**

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**Scientific Notation Addition and Subtraction:**

Make the exponents the same number Add/Subtract the coefficient 5.3x x103 = 5.3x x102 = 31.3x102= 3.13x103

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**Scientific Notation Multiplication and Division**

Add or Subtract exponents Multiply or Divide coefficients Multiply Divide 5.2x102 x 4.8x104 = x104 ÷ 2.5x103= (5.2 x 4.8) x10(2 + 4) (5.0 ÷ 2.5) x10(4-3)= 24.96x x101 2.496x107

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**Scientific Notation 5.6x104 + 4.3x102 = ? 4.0x106 – 8.3x105 = ?**

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**Derive a relationship between the following**

17 = = = = = = 4

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**Accuracy vs. Precision Accuracy: How close to the real value**

Precision: How close a series of measurements are to each other accuracy of tools

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**Significant Figures Rounding Numbers:**

-Round up if the digit to the right is between 5-9 59.48 59.5 -Drop the number to the right if it’s between 0-4 3.84 3.8 Significant Figures Tell You What Number To Round To!

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Significant Figures All Non-zero numbers (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9) are significant Zeros – Front of number are NEVER significant 0.0071, 0.42, all have 2 sig. figs Middle of number are ALWAYS significant 7003, , all have 4 sig. figs End are SOMETIMES significant At end AFTER decimal, ALWAYS significant 36.00, , all have 4 sig figs At end BEFORE decimal, NEVER significant 300, 7000, all have 1 sig fig

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Significant Figures 5.30 = ? = ? 1900 = ? = ?

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**Significant Figures Addition and Subtraction**

Match the number with the least number of decimals Ex: = 17.3 = 17.31 = 17 Multiplication and Division Match value with fewest number of sig figs Ex: 2.00 x 11 =22 2.00 x 11.0 = 22.0 2 x 11 = 20

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