2 Key TermsDrug: any substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state.Medicine: any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort.Side Effect: any effect that is caused by a drug and that is different from the drug’s intended effect.Prescription: a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine.Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medicine: any medicine that can be bought without a prescription.
3 What are Drugs?Substances to change a person’s physical or psychological state.Specific effectsMultiple effectsBroad targetNarrow treatment
4 Some Drugs are Medicines Used to…CurePreventTreat IllnessTreat discomfort
5 Medicinal Qualities Effectiveness Safety Minor Side Effects Carries out its task.SafetyWhen used as directed.Minor Side EffectsHeadacheSleepinessDiarrhea
6 Drugs of Abuse No Medical Purpose Not Healthy Change of moods Feelings Damage to brain
7 Where Do Drugs Come From? PlantsAnimalsFungiCommon ThreadChemicals
8 Types of Medicine Analgesic Antihistamine Antacid Antibiotic Pain reliefAntihistamineAllergiesAntacidHeartburnAntibioticKills bacteriaBronchodilatorAsthma
9 Types of Medicine Steroid Anti-Inflammatory Hormone Stimulant Inflammation/ItchHormoneDiabetesStimulantADHDAnti-anxietyPanic Attacks
10 Types of MedicineVaccinePrevents InfectionsSedativeSleepiness
11 Types of Medicine Prescription OTC Written order More dangerous Greater side-effectsOTCSaferLess side-effects
12 How Drugs Enter Your Body Home UseOrallyLiquidsTablets
13 How Drugs Enter Your Body Implanted PumpsInhalationInjectionTransdermal PatchIngestionTopical Application
14 HomeworkRead Pages 222 – 229Page 229 Section 2 - Answer Questions 1 – 9Page 236 Section 2 Review - Answer Questions 10, 11, & 13Be sure that you write out the questions!Make sure your name is on the paper!Make sure you label the assignment at the top of the page!