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Map Elements.

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Presentation on theme: "Map Elements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Map Elements

2 Grid System

3 Latitude and Longitude
The earth is divided into imaginary lines called latitude and longitude.

4 Lines The lines measure distances in degrees. Longitude Latitude

5 Latitude Lines Also called parallels (same distance apart and never cross each other) Latitude lines run east and west. Example: Equator 0˚ Latitude

6 Where is 0 degree? Equator The equator is 0 degree latitude.
It is an imaginary belt that runs halfway point between the North Pole and the South Pole. Equator

7 Longitude Lines Are not parallel; they meet at the North and South Poles Longitude lines run north and south. Example: Prime Meridian 0˚ Longitude

8 P R I M E D A N Where is 0 degree? The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica.

9 Exact Location The point where the lines of latitude and longitude cross each other can be used to identify an exact location. Example: 30˚N and 90˚W = New Orleans


11 Latitude and Longitude Resources
Latitude & Longitude Activity A Printable Latitude & Longitude Map of the World Latitude & Longitude Map Making Latitude and Longitude Quiz

12 Scale Distance is the space between two things or places.
Since maps are smaller than the places they show, distances on a map are different from what they are in reality.

13 Scale

14 Scale Use directions to locate places on a map.
Use a map scale to find distances between places. The measurement on a map scale can represent a different measurement Example: 1 inch = 1 mile

15 Reading Map Scales Find the scale
Use a ruler or a piece of paper to measure the distance between the two points. Do the math! Example: scale 1 inch= 5 miles The distance measured 2 inches 5 miles x 2 inches = 10 miles Be sure to write down your measurement! Example: miles, feet, yards

16 Finding Map Scales On globes On maps

17 Time Zones The Earth is divided into 24 time zones, corresponding to 24 hours in a day. As the earth rotates, the sun shines in different areas, moving from east to west during the course of a day. Places that have the same longitude will be in the same time zone.


19 Map Legends The legend is the key to unlocking the secrets of a map. Objects or colors in the legend represent something on the map. Religions Legend

20 Can you understand this legend?

21 Age Expectancy Legend

22 Additional Sources Atlas - World (Holt, Rinehart and Winston)
Outline Map of US Map Packet Download National Geographic Xpeditions Maps & Globes

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