Presentation on theme: "Of the United States Government. United States Supreme Court United States Court of Military Appeals Military courts United States Court of Appeals United."— Presentation transcript:
United States Supreme Court United States Court of Military Appeals Military courts United States Court of Appeals United States Tax Court Territorial Courts United States District Courts Courts of the District of Columbia United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit United States Court of International Trade United States Federal Claims Court United States Court of Veterans Appeals
Set up to interpret or explain the meaning of the U.S. Constitution Cases that violate a federal law are heard in federal courts Federal court system includes district courts, courts of appeals, and the Supreme Court
Each state has at least one district court. Total of 94 district courts, and more than 600 judges Large states are divided into districts, and each district has their own federal district court District courts are the only federal courts that use juries
Each district has a chief judge and one or more other judges. Hear a wide variety of cases; most of which are heard by a judge without a jury cases like robbery, kidnapping, tax evasion, or counterfeiting money are tried by a judge and jury The court hears these cases and the jury decides if the defendant is guilty.
Any person or group who disobeys any part of the Constitution Any person or group who breaks federal laws like tax, postal, banking, or military laws A foreign nation that sues the US or a US citizen An ambassador accused of breaking the law in the country where he/she is serving A crime that occurs on an American ship at sea or on federal property Disagreements between states Lawsuits between citizens of different states
Violate: to break a law or rule Defendant: a person accused of doing something that is not legal Disobey: to do something that is against the rules Disagreement: a quarrel; a difference of opinion
Federal Claims Court Hears cases involving money claims against the federal government. Court of International Trade Hears cases about taxes collected by customs officials on imported items.
The Court of Customs and Patent Appeals Hears cases about patent applications and violations The Territorial Courts Hears cases from people who live in U.S. territories These courts are the same as the federal district courts
1.Cases that involve a violation of a ___________law are heard in federal courts. 1.A ____________ court is where federal cases are heard. 2.District courts are the only federal courts that use ____________. 3.Cases such as bank robbery or kidnapping are heard in a district court with a ____________ and jury. 4.___________ has set up courts to handle special cases such as international trade, patent appeals, and taxes. Word Bank Congress District Federal Judge juries
Accused people who feel that their trial was unfair in a district court may appeal, or ask for a review of their case. This takes place in a court of appeals. Congress set up the courts of appeals in 1891
The 50 states are divided into 11 large judicial areas called circuits There is also a circuit for District of Columbia and a Federal Circuit The Federal Circuit has control over all states and territories Each court of appeals has at least six judges The United States is divided into 13 courts of appeals
At least three judges study the history of the case. They review the legal procedures involved in the case They also interpret the laws. Judges may not ask for any new facts to be presented.
The judges listen to lawyers from each side. The judges vote, and decision is reached by majority. If the judges decide that the trial was not fair, the judges reverse the district court’s decision or send it back for a new trial. If the judges decide the trial was fair, the district court’s verdict stands. After reviewing the case…..
Appeal: to ask a higher court to review a case Circuit: an assigned area or district Procedure: a series of steps followed in a regular order Interpret: to explain or tell the meaning of something Reverse: to overturn or set aside Verdict: the finding or judgment of a court
The (Constitution, Congress, Senate) set up the United States courts of appeals in 1951. Every circuit has a United States court of appeals that reviews decisions made in (higher courts, state courts, district courts). The judges in a court of appeals listen to arguments presented by the (accused, judges, lawyers) from each side. A case may be sent back to a district court for a new trial if the judges decide that (justice, the procedure, the jury) was not done. If the court of appeals decides the verdict was fair, the (judge, argument, decision) of the district court will stand.