Presentation on theme: "Attitudes & Stages Based on the work of Dr. Kubler Ross"— Presentation transcript:
1 Attitudes & Stages Based on the work of Dr. Kubler Ross Death & DyingAttitudes & StagesBased on the work of Dr. Kubler Ross
2 Attitudes towards Death Death less familiar in 20th century due to social & technological changeslife-extending technologies increases chances of survivalalso 80% of contemporary deaths take place in hospitals, nursing homes and other formal settingsdeath removed from everyday life
3 Attitudes towards Death New attitude towards death has developedi.e., death should be invisibleattitude referred to as death deniedattitude makes death private rather than publicdenies mourning - grief expressed only privatelycommunity life goes on as if nothing happenedincludes funeral rites that erase signs of deathcoffins become casketsmorticians beautify dead bodies
4 Impact of Attitude Most people uncomfortable about death confusing message to children about deathDying people placed in formal setting, few visitorsassign care to specialistscontact with death is routine & impersonalleave definition of death to medical sciencethe dying often experience a social death before their biological death
5 Impact of AttitudeRather not use term die - prefer to use terms such as pass away, no longer with us, gone to heaven.Caskets closed - do not view deathChildren kept away from funerals and burials
6 Death Awareness Movement Death awareness movement emerged in 70’s lack opportunities to learn about death.Pushed into facing death & dying due to contemporary social issues; abortion, AIDS, drug abuse, & alcoholism.Movement challenged isolation of dying, promoted idea of the good deathdying person surrounded by family & friendsminimal technological interferencelead to development of death education.
7 The Dying ProcessResearch of Elizabeth Kubler-Ross has influenced how we accept deaths.Kubler-Ross worked within a psychoanalytic frameworkinterviewed 200 dying patientsShe proposed 5 distinct stages through which individuals pass.
8 Kubler-RossStages are distinct but not necessarily progressive, likely to overlapDenial is the 1st stage “Not me”refusal to believe news of impending deathAnger 2nd stage - “Why me?”anger likely to be displaced on caregiversBargaining is the 3rd stage - “Yes me but...”- bargaining with a higher being for more time.
9 Kubler-Ross Depression - 4th stage - “Yes me” - begin to morn acknowledges and mourns impending lossrepresents natural grieving process of separation from loved ones and lifeAcceptance, the final stage, reached only if individual allowed to express and work out earlier feelings.
10 Conclusion Lifelong Growth growth is still possible for the dying personapologies, regrets, forgiveness & to express love.also need time for introspection, reminiscing & affirming beliefs.These tasks require growth & change